【頻出トピックと例題】TOEFL Independent スピーキング

【頻出トピックと例題】TOEFL Independent スピーキング

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

TOEFL Independent スピーキングタスク1の「頻出トピックと例題」を紹介します。

TOEFLはトピックが限定的なので対処しやすいですね

Independentスピーキングの頻出トピック

TOEFL Independentスピーキングで、タスク1に出題されるトピックはある程度決まっています。

海外の大学、大学院、MBA進学という目的のもと作られたテストの性質上、決まった問いのパターンがでる傾向が強いです

タスク1の流れは、問を読んだ後に、15秒間考える時間が与えられ、その後続けて45秒間話すというものです。

Independentスピーキングの問は5パターンあります:

  • パターン1:Agree or Disagree
  • パターン2:Preference
  • パターン3:If / Imaginary
  • パターン4:Description or Explanation
  • パターン5:Advantage and Disadvantage

近年上記問のパターン以外に、「Three Choice(三択)問題」も増えていますので実質6パターンですね…

「Three Choice」の対策方法については以下の記事にまとめてあるので、参考までにどうぞ:

頻出トピック

以下が、TOEFL Independentスピーキングタスク1にてよく出題されるトピックの一覧です。

  1. Daily life
  2. Education
  3. University
  4. Work & Business
  5. Entertainment
  6. Outlook of life
  7. Technology
  8. Social Debates

ほとんどの場合この8つのトピックの下、6つの問のパターンのどれかが出題されます。

例題

それでは、TOEFL Independentスピーキングタスク1に出題される例題を見ていきましょう。6つの問のパターン、8トピック別に振り分けてみていきましょう。

1. Agree or Disagree

Q1. Do you agree or disagree that it is important for young people to learn some domestic skills like cooking, sewing and taking care of children? (Outlook of life)

Q2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is never too late to get a degree in university. (University)

Q3. Do you agree or disagree that a celebrity should set a good example for young people? Use details and examples to support your explanation (Social Debates)

2. Preference

Q1. Which one do you prefer? To buy the newly-released e-product as soon as possible or to wait for a while and then decide whether you want to buy it or not. (Daily life)

Q2. Some people prefer to watch entertainment programs on television. Others prefer to watch educational programs. Which do you prefer?( Entertainment / Daily life)

Q3. Some students think it is good to choose the future career before entering the university. Others think it is good to take a few university classes before choosing the future career. Which one do you prefer? (work / Outlook of life)

3: If / Imaginary

Q1. If you had a small amount of money, would you spend it right away or save it? (Outlook of life)

Q2. If the police stop a driver who is driving drunk (after drinking alcohol), do you think that the person’s driver’s license should be taken away? Support your answer. (Social Debates)

Q3. If you were given an empty piece of land, would you rather use it to build a garden or a playground for children? (Outlook of life)

4. Description or Explanation

Q1.Do you think it is important for parents to teach their kids to learn how to manage money? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion. (Education)

Q2. Nowadays people use extreme methods, like surgery to change their appearance. They do this because they are trying to become more attractive. Do you think this is a good idea? (Technology / Social Debates)

Q3. Should schools engage in character education to instill morals and values in children? ( Education)

5. Advantage and Disadvantage

Q1. Some students work while attending university. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of having a part-time job at school. (Work)

Q2. Many students are asked to evaluate their professors at the end of the semester. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this? (University

Q3. Your university is planning to allow students to watch TV in their dormitories. What is your opinion and why? What are the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV in dormitories? Include reasons and examples to support your response. (University)

6. Three Choices

Q1. Which of the following functions of smart phones most beneficial to students? (1) taking photos (2) listening to the music (3) recording lectures (Technology / Education)

Q2. Which of the following choices do you think has the greatest impact on environmental protection? (1) Governmental regulations (2) Environmental awareness groups (3) Individual effort. (Social Debates)

Q3. You will need to accomplish an assignment for a presentation. Which one will you choose? (1) Act out a scene from a play (with a partner) (2) Explain your review of a novel you recently read (3) Read a selection of poem. (Outlook of life)

全ての例題が8つのトピックのうちのどれかに振り分けることができましたね

まとめ

TOEFL Independent スピーキングタスク1の「 「頻出トピックと例題」について理解できましたか?

6つの問のパターンの下、頻出トピックが計8つに分けられて出題されます。これらの出題されるトピックにおいて対策をしておくと良いでしょう。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはTOEFLのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のTOEFLのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

Solo IELTS TOEFLサポートページ

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