TOEFL Independent スピーキングの頻出トピックと例題

【頻出トピックと例題】TOEFL Independent スピーキング



今回の記事では「TOEFL Independent Speakingの頻出トピックと例題」を紹介します。


Independent Speakingは設問パターンが限定されており比較的対策がしやすいです。いきなり話すことが難しい場合は、一度ライティングしてから話すトレーニングをすると良いでしょう!


TOEFL Independent Speakingの頻出トピックと例題

Independent Speakingの概要

まずはIndependent Speakingの概要を確認しましょう:


TOEFLのスピーキング・セクションは4つの質問で構成され、Independent Speakingはそのうちの一つです。抽象的な質問に対して自分の意見を論理的に述べていく形式です。



Independent Speakingの設問パターン

Independent Speakingの設問は基本的に6パターンあります:

  • パターン1:Agree or Disagree
  • パターン2:Preference
  • パターン3:If / Imaginary
  • パターン4:Description or Explanation
  • パターン5:Advantage and Disadvantage
  • パターン6:Three Choice

近年「パターン6:Three Choices(3択問題)」が出題されるケースが多くなりました。昔の情報を参照すると5パターンしか紹介されていないことがあるので注意しましょう。

Independent Speakingの頻出トピック

以下が、TOEFL Independentスピーキングタスク1にてよく出題されるトピックの一覧です。

  • トピック1:Daily life
  • トピック2:Education
  • トピック3:University
  • トピック4:Work & Business
  • トピック5:Entertainment
  • トピック6:Outlook of life
  • トピック7:Technology
  • トピック8:Social Debates


Independent Speakingの例題

それでは、TOEFL Independentスピーキングタスク1に出題される例題を見ていきましょう。6つの問のパターン、8トピック別に振り分けてみていきましょう。

1. Agree or Disagree

  1. Do you agree or disagree that it is important for young people to learn some domestic skills like cooking, sewing, and taking care of children? (Outlook of life)
  2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is never too late to get a degree in university. (University)
  3. Do you agree or disagree that a celebrity should set a good example for young people? Use details and examples to support your explanation (Social Debates)

2. Preference

  1. Which one do you prefer? To buy the newly-released e-product as soon as possible or to wait for a while and then decide whether you want to buy it or not. (Daily life)
  2. Some people prefer to watch entertainment programs on television. Others prefer to watch educational programs. Which do you prefer? ( Entertainment / Daily life)
  3. Some students think it is good to choose a future career before entering the university. Others think it is good to take a few university classes before choosing a future career. Which one do you prefer? (work / Outlook of life)

3: If / Imaginary

  1. If you had a small amount of money, would you spend it right away or save it? (Outlook of life)
  2. If the police stop a driver who is driving drunk (after drinking alcohol), do you think that the person’s driver’s license should be taken away? Support your answer. (Social Debates)
  3. If you were given an empty piece of land, would you rather use it to build a garden or a playground for children? (Outlook of life)

4. Description or Explanation

  1. Do you think it is important for parents to teach their kids to learn how to manage money? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion. (Education)
  2. Nowadays people use extreme methods, like surgery to change their appearance. They do this because they are trying to become more attractive. Do you think this is a good idea? (Technology / Social Debates)
  3. Should schools engage in character education to instill morals and values in children? ( Education)

5. Advantage and Disadvantage

  1. Some students work while attending university. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of having a part-time job at school. (Work)
  2. Many students are asked to evaluate their professors at the end of the semester. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this? (University
  3. Your university is planning to allow students to watch TV in their dormitories. What is your opinion and why? What are the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV in dormitories? Include reasons and examples to support your response. (University)

6. Three Choices

  1. Which of the following functions of smartphones most beneficial to students? (1) taking photos (2) listening to the music (3) recording lectures (Technology / Education)
  2. Which of the following choices do you think has the greatest impact on environmental protection? (1) Governmental regulations (2) Environmental awareness groups (3) Individual effort. (Social Debates)
  3. You will need to accomplish an assignment for a presentation. Which one will you choose? (1) Act out a scene from a play (with a partner) (2) Explain your review of a novel you recently read (3) Read a selection of poems. (Outlook of life)




  1. Independent Speakingは45秒回答する
  2. 設問パターンは6種類
  3. 頻出トピックは8分野から出題







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