パラフレーズ探しとパラグラフリーディングの練習 ②

パラグラフリーディングで時間内に問題を解く方法【IELTSリーディング】

こんにちは!

SOLO IELTS TOEFLルークです!

この記事では、パラフレーズ探しとパラグラフリーディングの練習②を紹介します

練習②では、前回のレッスンより、難易度が上がった問題を扱います。練習①は、以下からアクセス可能です。

前回レッスン:パラフレーズ探し①

パラフレーズとパラグラフリーディング

前回の復習をかねて、パラフレーズとパラグラフリーディングの意味を確認しておきましょう。

  • パラフレーズ.
  • ある語彙を、別の表現で説明することパラフレーズとは、ある語彙を、別の表現で説明すること
  • パラグラフリーディング.
  • 問いに対して、各パラグラフに潜む回答を見つける読解手法

パラフレーズは、問いに潜むキーワードに対して、パッセージ内での言い換えを指します。

ですので、パッセージを読む前に、問いを最初に読むことが大切です。以下のように、問いのキーワードにあらかじめ線を引っ張っておくと良いでしょう。

  • 1. what to do if you need help outside normal working hours
  • 2. what to do if you need to cancel a doctor’s appointment

線を引っ張っておくことで、問いとパッセージの行き来がしやすく、時間をロスすることがなくなります。

練習問題

それでは、練習問題を使用して、パラグラフリーディングをしてみましょう。

パッセージを読み始める前に、1-6の問いのキーワードに線を引いてから読み進めてください。

指示文

  • Questions 1-6
  • The text has eight sections, A-H. Which sections contain the following information?
  • Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.
  • 1.___ learning what all the different sections of a plant do
  • 2.___ seeing art showing plants from a different part of the world
  • 3.___ the possibility of having your work exhibited
  • 4.___ learning about why human beings need plants
  • 5.___ something that happens daily at the same times
  • 6.___ learning about the relationship between various creatures, insects and plants

パッセージ

  • A
  • Climb up to the walkway among the trees, 18 metres above the ground, for a spectacular experience. Feel as tall as the trees and enjoy a bird’s-eye view over the gardens.
  • B
  • The Nash Conservatory displays stunning images from leading wildlife photographer Heather Angel. Each photograph explores the wealth of biodiversity at Kew Gardens, from foxes to birds, tiny insects to towering trees.
  • C
  • A world of pollination comes to life in the Princess of Wales Conservatory. Find yourself in a tropical environment whilst walking through clouds of colourful butterflies as they fly around the Conservatory! Come face-to-face with gigantic sculptures of insects, birds and bats, which will help tell the fascinating stories of how they interact with plants.
  • D
  • An extraordinary sound installation created by Chris Watson. On the hour throughout the day, the Palm House is filled with the sound of the dawn and dusk choruses of birds that live in the Central and South American rainforests.
  • E
  • Come and see the fantastic outdoor exhibition of garden, wildlife and botanical photography. Walk amongst enlarged photographs and admire the wonderful garden photos – all taken by children aged 16 and under from all round the country. If you are in this age category and fancy yourself as a photographer, then you can enter for the next show!
  • F
  • Young explorers can discover the new children’s outdoor play area, shaped like a plant, in Kew’s magical Conservation Area. As you journey through this interactive landscape, discover the functions of every part of a plant. Tunnel through giant roots, get lost among the leaves and hide amongst the large fungi, whilst solving puzzles along the way!
  • G
  • What is biodiversity all about? Did you know that every breath we take and every move we make depends on plants? Take a guided tour to discover what biodiversity means and why it matters so much.
  • H
  • Visit our exciting and colourful exhibition of South American botanical paintings, which brings the continent’s exotic and lush plants to life in works from two hundred years ago and from this century.

解答

  • 1. F
  • 2. H
  • 3. E
  • 4. G
  • 5. D
  • 6. C

解説

以下が、各問いの解説です。問いのキーワードが、パラフレーズされている箇所をきちんと確認してください。

  • 1.
    問い. learning what all the different sections of a plant do
  • パラフレーズ.
  • As you journey through this interactive landscape, discover the functions of every part of a plant.
  • 2.
  • 問い. seeing art showing plants from a different part of the world
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Visit our exciting and colourful exhibition of South American botanical paintings, which brings the continent’s exotic and lush plants to life in works from two hundred years ago and from this century
  • 3.
  • 問い. the possibility of having your work exhibited
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Come and see the fantastic outdoor exhibition of garden, wildlife and botanical photography. Walk amongst enlarged photographs and admire the wonderful garden photos – all taken by children aged 16 and under from all round the country. If you are in this age category and fancy yourself as a photographer, then you can enter for the next show!
  • 4.
  • 問い. learning about why human beings need plants
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Did you know that every breath we take and every move we make depends on plants? Take a guided tour to discover what biodiversity means and why it matters so much.
  • 5.
  • 問い. something that happens daily at the same times
  • パラフレーズ.
  • On the hour throughout the day, the Palm House is filled with the sound of the dawn and dusk choruses of birds that live in the Central and South American rainforests.
  • 6.
  • 問い.learning about the relationship between various creatures, insects and plants
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Come face-to-face with gigantic sculptures of insects, birds and bats, which will help tell the fascinating stories of how they interact with plants.

以上が、IELTSやTOEFLのリーディングの、パラフレーズ探しとパラグラフリーディングの練習②の解説でした。

実際の問題は、上記で紹介したものよりも難しいです。今後、リーディング問題を回答する際は、必ずキーワードのパラフレーズを意識して下さい!

最後に、IELTS対策で悩んでいることがあれば、お気軽にご連絡くださいね。

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最後に、IELTS対策で悩んでいることがあれば、お気軽にご連絡くださいね。

メールで相談する

LINEで相談する

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