【見出し選択問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

【見出し選択問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

IELTSリーディングの「見出し選択問題」のコツを紹介します。

各パラグラフが読み取れているか試される形式ですね

IELTSリーディング種類

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あります。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

この記事では、パラグラフのタイトルを当てはめていく形式問題のコツを一緒に見ていきましょう。

問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「見出し選択問題」のサンプルです。

本番でこの形で出題されたものは見出し選択問題です。

通常、実際のパラグラフの数より多くのタイトルが用意されています。

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下3点です。

  • パラグラフのアイデアを理解しているか
  • サポーティングアイデアを読解できているか
  • パラグラフの全体像を把握しているか

パラグラフの概要、詳細まで理解できているかの確認のために出題しています

問題のコツ

IELTSリーディングの「見出し選択問題」を解く際のコツは以下になります。

  • パッセージを読む前にタイトルを見る
  • タイトルはパッセージ数より多い
  • タイトルのキーワードを理解
  • パラフレーズされている該当箇所を特定
  • i,ii,iiiなどの数値が答えとなる場合が多い

パラグラフの全体のメッセージが読み取れるかをテストしています

実践問題

それではIELTSリーディングの「見出し選択問題」の実践問題を解いてみましょう。

Psychology and personality ASSESSMENT

Reading passage has seven paragraphs A-D.Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number i-iv in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

A
Our daily lives are largely made up of contacts with other people, during which we are constantly making judgments of their personalities and accommodating our behaviour to them in accordance with these judgments. A casual meeting of neighbours on the street, an employer giving instructions to an employee, a mother telling her children how to behave, a journey in a train where strangers eye one another without exchanging a word – all these involve mutual interpretations of personal qualities.

B
Success in many vocations largely depends on skill in sizing up people. It is important not only to such professionals as the clinical psychologist, the psychiatrist or the social worker, but also to the doctor or lawyer in dealing with their clients, the businessman trying to outwit his rivals, the salesman with potential customers, the teacher with his pupils, not to speak of the pupils judging their teacher. Social life, indeed, would be impossible if we did not. to some extent, understand, and react to the motives and qualities of those we meet; and clearly we are sufficiently accurate for most practical purposes, although we also recognize that misinterpretations easily arise – particularly on the pare of others who judge us!

C
Errors can often be corrected as we go along. But whenever we are pinned down to a definite decision about a person, which cannot easily be revised through his ‘feed-back’, the Inadequacies of our judgments become apparent. The hostess who wrongly thinks that the Smiths and the Joneses will get on well together can do little to retrieve the success of her party. A school or a business may be saddled for years with an undesirable member of staff, because the selection committee which interviewed him for a quarter of an hour misjudged his personality.

D
Just because the process is so familiar and taken for granted, It has aroused little scientific curiosity until recently. Dramatists, writers and artists throughout the centuries have excelled in the portrayal of character, but have seldom stopped to ask how they, or we, get to know people, or how accurate is our knowledge. However, the popularity of such unscientific systems as Lavater’s physiognomy in the eighteenth century, Gall’s phrenology in the nineteenth, and of handwriting interpretations by graphologists, or palm- readings by Gypsies, show that people are aware of weaknesses in their judgments and desirous of better methods of diagnosis. It is natural that they should turn to psychology for help, in the belief that psychologists are specialists in ‘human nature’.

  • i. The consequences of poor personality assessment
  • ii. Everyone makes personality assessments
  • iii. Acknowledgement of the need for improvement in personality assessment
  • iv. The need for personality assessments to be well judged

解答

以下が回答になります。

  • 1: ii
  • 2: iv
  • 3: i
  • 4: iii

1つ間違えると、セットでもう1つ間違えてしまいますね

解答説明

パラフレーズされている該当箇所を確認してみましょう。

ii. Everyone makes personality assessments

パラグラフA: Our daily lives are largely up of contacts with other people, during which we are constantly making judgments of their personalities and accommodating our behaviour to them in accordance with these judgments.

assessmentがjudementとパラフレーズされていますね

iv. The need for personality assessments to be well judged

パラグラフB: It is important not only to such professionals as the clinical psychologist, the psychiatrist or the social worker, but also to the doctor or lawyer in dealing with their clients, the businessman trying to outwit his rivals, the salesman with potential customers, the teacher with his pupils, not to speak of the pupils judging their teacher. Social life, indeed, would be impossible if we did not

i. The consequences of poor personality assessment

パラグラフC: Errors can often be corrected as we go along. But whenever we are pinned down to a definite decision about a person, which cannot easily be revised through his ‘feed-back’, the Inadequacies of our judgements become apparent.

poorがinadequaciesのパラフレーズだと見抜けるかが ポイントでした

iii. Acknowledgement of the need for improvement in personality assessment

show that people are aware of weaknesses in their judgments and desirous of better methods of diagnosis.

こちらもきちんとパラフレーズされていますね

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「見出し選択問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事:

パッセージを読み始める前のタイトルの分析が鍵になります。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

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