【過去問70題】IELTSスピーキング問題「パート2」対策

IELTS スピーキング問題パート2対策| 過去問70題

こんにちは!

SOLO IELTS TOEFLルークです!

今回の記事では、IELTSスピーキング「パート2」の過去問を紹介します。

パート2は一つのトピックに関して約1 – 2分間のスピーチを行います。パート1の短文回答に比べると、話しながら次の展開を考えたりと難易度が高いことが特徴です。

パート2はメモを取をみながらスピーチを組み立てます。メモの取り方や、キーワードの繋げ方など、一朝一夕で身に付くスキルではないので中長期的に対策を考えていきましょう!

それでは詳しくみていきます。

IELTSスピーキング「パート2」対策

IELTSスピーキングのパート2は、一つのトピックに関するスピーチを行います。

概要をまとめると、

準備時間1分
回答時間1 – 2分
内容トピックカードで指示された内容に関して1-2分のスピーチを行う

上記の様になります。

パート1が終わると、その流れですぐにパート2に移行します。

パート2では初めにトピックカードというスピーチに関する指示が書かれているカードを面接官から共有され、1分間内容を考える準備時間が設けられます。

その間に話す内容をまとめたりメモを取り、1分後にスピーチを行います。

スピーチ中は面接官が話してくることは基本的にありません。沈黙のプレッシャーに負けず、途切れない様に話を続けることが大切になります!

以下の記事では「パート2」のスピーチの型を紹介しています。興味があればご覧になってください:

トピックカードとは

パート2で渡されるトピックカードは、以下のようになっています:

IELTSスピーキング「パート2」トピックカードのサンプル
IELTSスピーキング「パート2」トピックカードのサンプル

メインとなるトピックに関連した観点がまとめられており、その内容に関してスピーチを組み立てます。

内容はパート1同様に「日常的なトピック」が中心なので、受験生の過去のストーリーや趣向など、自分の話を軸にスピーチを行う必要があります。

例え苦手なトピックが出題されても、内容を変更することができないので注意してください。

メインのトピックから派生した観点を「Prompt」と呼びます。全てのPromptに回答する必要はないので、自分が得意なストーリーを中心に話を作ると対策がしやすいでしょう!

パート2の評価基準は

パート2の評価基準はパート1と同じで、以下の様になっています:

1)流暢さ・一貫性・言葉に詰まることなくスムーズに回答できている
・適切な接続詞を用いて一貫性のある回答ができる
2)語彙力・トピックに応じた様々な語彙を柔軟かつ適切に使用できている
3)文法・様々な構文を自然にかつ適切に使用できている
4)発音・正しい発音を生成できている
・聴き取りやすく分かりやすい発音である

上記の表は、英語でまとめられている評価基準の大切な要素を抜き出して簡単にまとめたものです。

ネイティブが自然だと感じる発音で、適切な文章を作ることができていれば評価が高くなります。

沈黙のプレッシャーに負けて焦り、早口になってしまうとその分だけ文法のミスが増えてしまう恐れがあります。落ち着いて、ゆっくりと英語を話していくことがスコアを安定させる上で大切になってきます!

トピックカードの内容は全部話さなくていい

評価基準をみると、Promptに関しての言及がないことが分かります。

つまり、トピックカードに書かれている内容を全て話す必要はないということが分かります。

それよりも大切なことは、

  1. 流暢に話すことができるか
  2. 文法・語彙の間違いなく話すことができるか

という2つの観点なので、トピックカードの内容に引っ張られすぎずに、できる限り自分が得意なテーマを話すようにすることが戦略として効果的です。

また、内容に関しても不自然でなければ誇張して話しても問題ありません。

前述の通り、受講生の経験が軸のスピーチになるので、面接官は論拠を確認することができません。

そのため、ある程度「話を盛る」ことはスコアに全く影響を与えません。

例えば「好きな本」についてのスピーチだとしても、最近見た「映画」の感想に内容を置き換えたりすることで、一つの経験をさまざまな場面で活かすことができます。少し慣れが必要ですが、覚えておいて損はないと思います!

日常的に “Why” は考えておこう

トピックカードのPromptは、基本的に以下の観点で構成されています:

  1. Why
  2. When
  3. Where
  4. Who
  5. What
  6. How

つまり「5W1H」のいずれかの観点で話を展開することが求められるということです。

この中で特に重要なことは「Why」に関するストーリーです。

というのもWhy以外の観点は、まったく適当な話だとしても違和感がないのですが、Whyだけはどうしても辻褄が合わなくなるケースが多いからです。

例えば「本」というトピックに関して、

  • ・なぜその本が好きなのか
  • ・なぜその本を読もうと思ったのか
  • ・なぜ人にオススメしたいと思ったのか

など、日本語でも立ち止まって「Why」を考える機会を持っておくと対応できる幅が広がります。

また「Why」に関してはスピーチの冒頭で述べることが多く、最初に言葉が詰まってしまうと後半に悪い影響が出る恐れがあります。逆に、最初の滑り出しがよければ、後半も自然と話が展開できることも多いので「why」だけは考えておく様にしましょう!

スピーキング「パート2」の過去問70題

さて、それではスピーキング「パート2」の過去問を紹介します。

これから紹介する過去問は「2016年から19年の間に出題された過去問」が中心になります。

Q1: Describe a game or sport that you enjoy playing.

You should say:
・what kind of sport that is;
・who you play it with;
・where you play it;
and explain why you think doing this is healthy.

Q2: Describe an old friend you enjoy talking with.

You should say:
・who this person is
・how you knew him/her
・what you usually talk about
and explain why you want to talk to this person.

Q3: Describe a bicycle/motorbike/car trip that is interesting

You should say:
・ Where you would like to go
・How you would like to go there
・Who you would like to go with
And explain why you would like to go there by car, motorbike or bike

Q4: Describe a family member you are closest to

You should say:
・who this person is;
・describe some things you have done together;
and explain why you like this person.

Q5: Describe a language other than English that you would like to learn.

You should say:
・what the language is
・where it is spoken
・what you think would be difficult
・what would be easy about learning the language
and explain why you would like to learn it.

Q6: Describe a television program that you like to watch.

You should say:
・what program it is
・what the program is about
・ how often you watch it
and explain why you like watching this program.

Q7: Describe A Movie You Recently Watched

You should say:
・What was the movie?
・When and where did you watch it?
・Did you like it? Why?

Q8.Describe the best experience of your school/university life you have had

You should say:
・What it was,
・when it was,
・why it happened,
and explain why it was the best of experience

Q9: Describe a sport that you would like to learn.

You should say:
・what sport it is
・how you would learn it
・how difficult you think it would be to learn
and explain why you would like to learn this sport.

Q10. Describe a person who can use or speak a second language.

You should say:
・Who this person is?
・What language can he/she use?
・How often does he/she use it?

Q11. Describe something you bought but you were not happy with.

You should say:
・What this thing is?
・When did you buy it?
・ Why were you not happy with it?
・How did you react?

Q12. Describe a time when you are very busy

You should say
・When it was
・What you had to do during that time
・How you managed it
and explain how you felt about being busy

Q13. Describe a country you have visited

You should say:
・Where is this country
・When did you visit it?
・What were the interesting things about this country

Q14. Describe a vehicle you would like to own or something expensive you would like to buy.

You should say:
・What it is?
・Why do you want to own it?
・When are you going to buy it?

Q15. Describe one of the childhood toys that were special to you.

You should say:
・what it was
・who gave it to you
・how you played with it
and explain why it was special for you.

Q16. Describe a person who you have met and want to know more about

You should say
・ Who this person is
・When and where you met
・What you did or talked about

Q17. Describe a goal that you hope to achieve in the future.

You should say:
・what the goal is
・when you first began to have this goal
・how you would achieve the first step of your goal
・how easy or difficult you think it will be to reach this goal
and explain why you have this goal.

Q18. Describe a happy family event from your childhood.

You should say:
・what the event was
・where it happened
・what you saw and did
and explain why you remember this event so well.

Q19. Describe a tall building in your hometown you like or dislike

You should say
・Where this building is
・What it looks like
・What it is used for
And explain why you like or dislike

Q20. Describe a useful app or computer program for a smartphone, computer or tablet that you have used.

You should say:
・what the app is
・how long/how often you have used it (or, been using it)
・what you use it for
and explain why you think it is useful.

Q21. Describe a short holiday (vacation) that was special for you.

You should say:
・where you went
・who you spent time with
・what you did
and explain why it was special for you.

Q22. Describe an antique or some other old thing that your family has kept for a long time.

You should say:
・what it is
・how (or when) your family first got this thing
・how long your family has kept it
and explain why this thing is important to your family.

Q23. Describe a creative inventor or musician

You should say:
・Who this person is
・What this person does
・How he knew this person
And explain why you think this person is creative.

Q24. Describe an art or craft activity you did when you were in school

You should say:
・when this happened
・what you did in the activity
・who you did it with
and explain how you felt about this activity.

Q25. Describe an activity you do for your health or fitness.

You should say:
・what you do
・how often you do it
・where you do it
and explain how you think this activity helps you stay healthy or fit.

Q26. Describe a skill you would like to learn

You should say:
・What the skill is
・Why you want to learn this skill
・Whether you think it would be difficult
・Whether you think you will learn it in the near future

Q27. Describe an interesting song you like

You should say:
・What it is
・Which country the song comes from
・What story the song tells
and explain why you think it is interesting

Q28. Describe an interesting public place in your hometown, or where you are living now, that you like to go to

You should say:
・where it is
・how often you go there
・what you do there
and explain why you think it is interesting.

Q29. Describe a website you like to visit

You should say:
・When you found it
・What it is about
・How often you visit it Why you like this website

Q30. Describe a wedding that you have attended.

You should say:
・whose wedding it was
・who was there
・what happened
and explain how you felt.

Q31. Describe a time when you tried a new food for the first time.

You should say:
・what food it was
・where you ate it
・what it tasted like
and explain whether or not you liked this food

Q32. Describe a difficult decision that you made.

You should say:
・what decision it was
・what difficulties you faced
・how you made the decision
and explain why it was a difficult decision.

Q33. Describe a place you have visited that has been affected by pollution.

You should say:
・what place it was
・why you went there
・how it was affected by pollution
and explain how you felt about this situation.

Q34. Describe a product you bought that you were (or, are) happy with.

You should say:
・what you bought
・how you bought it
・why you bought it
and explain why you were (or are) happy with it.

Q35. Describe a person (you know), much older than you, who you admire.

You should say:
・who this person is
・how you know this person
・how this person has influenced you
and explain why you admire this person.

Q36.Describe one of your best (= one of your close, or good) friends.

You should say:
・ who this person is
・ who long you have known them (= him or her)
・ Or, How you first met
・ what you do together
and explain why you think this person is a good friend

Q37. Describe a family (not your own family) that you like.

You should say:
・where this family lives
・who the members of the family are
・how you know them
・what each person in this family does in life (student/work/retired etc.) and explain why you like this family.

Q38. Describe a photo of yourself that you like

You should say:
・when the photo was taken
・how this photograph was taken
・where the photo was taken
・who took the photo
and explain why the photo was taken or why you think it is a good photo

Q39. Describe a time when you saw an interesting animal.

You should say:
・what animal it was
・where you saw it
・what happened when you saw it * how you felt when you saw it
and explain why you thought it was interesting.

Q40. Describe a meal you had your friends or family (in someone’s home or in a restaurant).

You should say:
・who organized this meal
・where you had it
・what you talked about during the meal
・what you ate and drank
and explain why you had this meal with your friends.

Q41. Describe an item of clothing that someone (recently) gave to you.

You should say:
・what it was
・who gave it to you
・what it looked like
・why they gave it to you
and explain how you felt about this gift.

Q42. Describe a time when someone apologized to you.

You should say:
・who apologised to you
・why they apologised
・where it happened
and explain how you felt (or what you said) after this person apologised.

Q43. Describe a story or novel you have (recently) read that you found to be particularly interesting.

You should say:
・what the plot of the story or novel was
・who wrote it
・why you read it
・how much time it took to read it
and explain why you thought it was interesting.

Q44. Describe some local news that people in your locality are interested in.

You should say:
・what the news is
・how you know about this news
・who is involved in this news
and explain why it is interesting to people.

Q45.Describe the first time you used a foreign language to communicate.

You should say:
・who you communicated with
・what the situation was
・what you said (or wrote)
and explain how you felt during this experience.

Q46.Describe an occasion when you helped someone.

You should say:
・who you helped
・how you helped them
・where it happened
・why you helped them
and explain how this person reacted to your help or/and explain how you felt after helping this person.

Q47.Describe what you think would be the perfect job (or “dream job”) for you.

You should say:
・what job it would be (or is)
・what you would do in this job
・what skills you would need to learn for this job
and explain why you think this would be the perfect job for you.

Q48. Describe a magazine or newspaper that you like to read.

You should say:
・what magazine or newspaper it is
・what the magazine or newspaper is about
・how often you read it
・what kinds of people generally read this magazine or newspaper
and explain why you like to read it.

Q49. Describe a place with a lot of water (such as a river, a lake or the ocean) that you enjoyed visiting.

You should say:
・where this place was
・what people were doing at this place (Or, what you did there)
・why you went there
・who you went there with
and explain why you liked this place.

Q50. Describe a time when you made a mistake.

You should say:
・where you were
・what you were doing
・what mistake you made
and explain what was the result of your mistake.

Q51. Describe a big company that you would like to work in.

You should say:
・the name of this company
・what this company does
・where this company is
and explain why you would like to work in this company.

Q52. Describe something that you have shared with others (or another person)

You should say:
・what you shared
・who you shared it with.
・why you shared it
and explain how you felt about sharing it

Q53.Describe a creative person who you admire (e.g., a scientist, an inventor)

You should say:
・who this person is
・what area of creativity they work in
・how you know about this person
and explain what work they have created that you particularly admire.

Q54. Describe a positive change that you made to your life.

You should say:
・when it happened
・ where it happened
・ what the change was
and explain how you have benefited from this change ( or, explain how you feel about this change)

Q55. Describe a situation that made you a little angry.

You should say:
・what it was that made you angry
・where you were when this happened
・what you were doing at the time
・who you were with
and explain how you handled this situation or and explain why you felt angry.

Q56. Describe your favorite season or time of the year.

You should say:
・what season (or time of the year) it is
・what the weather is like at this time
・what people usually do at this time
and explain why you enjoy that season or time of the year more than other seasons or times of the year.

Q57. Describe a person who you like to spend time with.

You should say:
・what relationship the two of you have
・how often you are together
・what you usually do together
and explain why you like to spend time with this person.

Q58. Describe a skill you learned when you were a child.

You should say:
・what skill it was
・who taught you this skill
・how you learned it
and explain why you learned this skill.

Q59. Describe someone you know who recently moved to new accommodation.

You should say:
・ who he or she is
・ what kind of accommodation they moved to
and explain why they moved.

Q60. Describe a leader who you admire.

You should say:
・ who this person is
・ what this person does (as a leader)
・ how he or she became a leader
・ how you know about this person
and explain explain why you admire this leader

Q61.Describe a dream you have had

You should say:
・When you had this dream
・What you saw in the dream
・What you did or said in the dream
and explain why you had a dream like that

Q62. Describe a time you missed an appointment for something

You should say:
・When and where it happened
・What the appointment was for
・What happened when you missed it
and explain how you felt about missing the appointment

Q63. Describe an area of the subject that you are interested in

You should say:
・What it is
・When it started to become interested in it
・What we have learned from it
and explain why you have an interest in it

Q64. Describe an interesting or unusual thing you did recently (in your free time)

You should say
・What you did
・When and where you did it
・Who you did it with
and explain why you think it was interesting or unusual

Q65. Describe an advertisement you have seen/heard recently

You should say:
・When and where you saw it
・What was advertised
・What the contents of the advertisements were
and explain how you felt about it

Q66. Describe a sport that you prefer to do and is a little expensive

You should say
・What it is
・How much it usually costs
・Who usually do it with
and explain why you like to do this activity

Q67. Describe someone who has a great influence on you

You should say:
・Who this person is
・How she knew this person
・What influence this person has on you
and how you think of the influence

Q68. Describe a person/something that made you laugh

You should say:
・What made you laugh
・Where you were when it happened
・Who you were with
and explain why it made you laugh

Q69.Describe a piece of (electrical or electronic) equipment in your home

You should say:
・What it is
・How often you use it
・Who you usually use it with
and explain why this item is important to you

Q70. Describe a garden you have visited and liked

You should say:
・Where it was
・What it looked like
・What you did there
and explain why you liked it there

上記をみると分かるように「favorite(あなたが好きな〜)」がトピックとして出題される傾向が高いです。

パート1の解説でも述べたように、日本語で説明できないことは英語で回答することができないので、日本語でも上記で挙げたトピックに関して回答を考えてみると回答の役に立つと思います。

パート2が苦手な場合はまず30秒

パート2が苦手な場合は、最初から2分間のスピーチを目指さず負荷を徐々に高めていきましょう。

最初のうちは15秒でも「長いなぁ…」と感じることがあると思います。

なので目標を、

  • 30秒
  • 40秒
  • 50秒…

と、徐々にスピーチの時間を伸ばしていき、最終的には100秒 – 120秒で話せるように対策していくと良いでしょう。

「10秒でも話すことが難しい…」という場合は、Youtubeなどに挙がっている模範回答をそのまま音読することから始めてみてもいいと思います。

繰り返し同じ表現を音読しているとそのリズム感を身体が覚えていき、自然と似たようなリズムで英語を話すことができるようになるはずです。

まとめ

過去の経験を他者が分かる様に描写する

今回の記事をまとめると、

  1. パート2は1 – 2分間のスピーチ形式
  2. トピックは「Favorite系」の出題傾向が高い
  3. まずは30秒を目標に話し切ることを練習する

パート2を対策する上でのコツは、スピーチの内容を「構造化」して考えることです。

何も考えずにとりあえずたくさんの量を話すのではなく、どんなトピックを話している時も内容のカテゴリを考えるように意識してみてください。

そうすることで、話している途中に迷子になるリスクが軽減でき、また幅広いトピックに対応することができるようになります。

スコアが伸びにくい人は、原因が「母語」なのか「英語」なのかを分析してみることもオススメです。通常、いずれかの原因が大きく足を引っ張っているケースが多いので!

以下にスピーキング「パート1」と「パート3」の内容もまとめました。対策の参考にしてください:

IELTS対策や海外進学等で悩んでいる場合は、お気軽に相談してください!

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