【IELTS】ライティング「タスク2」の例題とスコア6.0から8.0の解答例

【IELTSライティング】タスク2スコア「8.0」解答例と例題

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

今回は、IELTSの「ライティングタスク2に出題される全5パターンの例題と解答例を紹介」します。

自由記述の問題がに課題を抱えている方や、タスク2が時間内に書き終わらない方には特にオススメな内容です。

現状の自分のライティングがどの程度なのか参照にしてください!

IELTSライティング「タスク2」の概要と対策

IELTSライティング「タスク2」は以下のように構成されています:

  • 内容:自由記述形式
  • 回答時間:40分
  • 文字数:250字以上

タスク2は「抽象度の高い質問に対してエッセイを書く形式」で、全部で5つの質問パターンがあります。

読み手が納得できるような主張を論理的に構成することが要求されます!

ライティング「タスク2」の評価基準

対策を始める前にライティングタスク2の評価基準を把握しましょう。

なぜなら、評価基準に沿ってライティングの練習をしないと、自分では「書けるようになった!」と思ってもスコアにつながらないからです。

以下が評価される4つの観点です:

  • 観点1:「タスク達成度(TR)」
  • 観点2:「内容の一貫性(CC)」
  • 観点3:「語彙力(LR)」
  • 観点4:「文法(GR)」

上記で挙げた4つの観点を、独自の評価表(ルーブリック)を元にスコアを算出します。

バンドスコア「7.0以上」を取得する場合、「TR」と「CC」が伸び悩む人が多いようです!

タスク2の評価のポイント

評価観点がわかったところで、各観点の評価のポイントを理解しましょう:

観点評価のポイント
タスク達成度(TR)・質問に適切に答えているか
・「主張」「理由」「具体例」は明確か
内容の一貫性(CC)・段落が適切に使えているか
つなぎ語を適切に使えているか
語彙力(LR)・適切な語彙を使用できているか
・同じ語彙を使いまわしていないか
文法(GR)・様々な文法を適切に使用できているか
複文が使用できているか

抽象的な質問に対して適切な回答を論理的に表現する国語力と、テクニカルな表現を使用する英語力の2つが求められることが分かりますね。

質問に適切に答えるという当たり前なことが、実は一番難しかったりします!質問を把握する方法は以下の記事を参考にしてください!

基本的なタスク2の「解答の型」

タスク2は以下の型に沿って書くことをお勧めします。

  • 1:導入部分(2-3センテンス)
  • 2:ボディ①( 3センテンス以上)
  • 3:ボディ② (3センテンス以上)
  • 4:結論(1-2センテンス)

タスク2のいずれの質問に対しても、基本的には上記の型に沿ってライティングすると良いです。

なぜなら型に沿ってライティングすることで、論理構造がズレる可能性が低くなるからです。

よりライティングの型について知りたい場合は、以下の記事を参照にしてください:

タスク2の例題と解答例

それでは、ライティングタスク2例題全5パターンと解答例を紹介します。

バンドスコア「6.0」から「8.0」の解答例を載せているので参考に自分のライティングと比較してみてください。

ライティングが難しい場合は、解答例を音読するだけでも十分勉強になると思います!

また可能であれば、例題を参考にして問題を解いてみることもオススメします。それではいきましょう!

パターン1. 意見 ( 賛成と反対 )

最もよく出る質問が「賛成か反対」かについてエッセイを展開する形式です。具体的には以下のような質問がされます:

Extreme sports such as sky diving and skiing are very dangerous and should be banned.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

バンドスコア「6.0」の解答例

Doing sport is the best way to have a healthy body and mind and has the most impact on everybody’s health, however, some types of sports such as sky diving and skiing are very dangerous. Some people think that extreme sports should be banned because of their drawbacks. I believe extreme sports like sky diving, skiing and surfing should not be banned based on many reasons.

First of all, these sports can help countries to have a better economy. Some extreme sports can be done just in specific areas. For example, Canada is the most suitable place for skiing. People from all around the world come to Canada to do skiing. ski.This tourist attraction will improve the Canada’s economy. Secondly, banning is associated extreme sports correlating(es )with people’s job losses. Extreme sports make various types of jobs. There are many is a lot of equipment which are is necessary for doing to do extreme sports, many companies make these this equipment and several workers work in these companies. Finally, extreme sports have a wonderful impact on their fans. There are many, many people who like extreme sports such as sky diving and skiing. They enjoy when doing or watching these sports and it is a big part of their life. Banning extreme sports have has a terrible impact on them.

To conclude, there are many sports which are very dangerous like sky diving and skiing. Some people think that these types of sports should be banned, ; however, I believe that banning extreme sports is associated with many huge problems so, extreme sports should not be banned. (255 words)

評価の詳細

詳しい評価が以下になります:

観点評価のポイント
タスク達成度(TR)・問全般に対して述べられているがバランスが悪い
内容の一貫性(CC)・論理的に述べらているがつなぎ語の使用のバランスが悪い
語彙力(LR)・適切な範囲で語句を使用ができている
・単語の使用とスペルミスがある
文法(GR)・単文と複文を使用できている
・句読点や文法の間違いが頻繁にある

バンドスコア「6.0」はまだ文法と語彙の間違いが、所々にみられることが分かります!

パターン2. 複数視点からの論理展開

次に、複数の視点を上げつつも自分の意見を展開するパターンの問を見てみましょう。

Some people believe that we cannot learn anything from the past for our life today, while others believe that history is a valuable source of information to understand human’s life.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

「both view」という単語があると、上記のタイプの問だということが分かります!

バンドスコア「6.5」の解答例

It is true that some traditional value could be out of date and incompatible with today’s world. However, I do not believe that all the information accumulated from the past is completely useless.

It is undeniable that some experience experiences and ideas are old-fashioned that become have become irrelevant to our present life. For example, the definition of a good woman nowadays is very different from the old-time old times. Traditionally, an ideal woman is to become a housewife. She should stay at home, do chores, cook and look after her children. And most importantly, she must obey her husband. Females in the past were therfore therefore forced to sacrifise sacrifice their education, career and even personal will. Compared to today, thanks to the contribution of equal rights movements, women now have the equal social position and opportunities as men do from in every aspect. The traditional criteria for females are nearly abandoned in most developed countries.

In spite of the example given above, I believe there are is some significant information from the history that is useful for our life today. From a personal perspective, history could help individuals have the ability to analyze some formal problems we face today, like to clear solve the controversy of international political issues. We can only distinguish the information released by manipulated media and find the truth if we understand what happend happened before. On a broader societal level, history is a great reference for governments deciding what measures to take in order to rule the countries well. For example, we can learn from the history that imposing heavy taxes could possibly trigger citizens’ rebellion.

In conclusion, I agree with the idea that we can learn much from the history and we should not dismiss all the information from the past.
(287 words)

評価の詳細

詳しく評価を見てみましょう。

観点評価のポイント
タスク達成度(TR)・選択された範囲では描写できているが、片方の情報の比重が多い
内容の一貫性(CC)つなぎ語が巧みに使われており、よく組織された文となっている
語彙力(LR)・適切な範囲の語彙を使用しているがスペルに謝りがみられる
文法(GR)・複文を多用しているが、冠詞に多く間違いがある

バンドスコア「6.5」の解答例は文法と語彙の間違いは少なくなりましたが、質問に十分に答えられていません!

パターン3. メリットとデメリット

メリットとデメリットをあげるタイプの質問です。質問の「Advantage」「Disadvantage」という表記から質問のタイプを判断できますね:

It is now possible for scientists and tourists to travel to remote natural environment, such as the South Pole.

What are advantages and disadvantages of this development?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

バンドスコア「7.0」の解答例

Once, travelling to remote natural environments was not possible because of different difficulties associated with transportation, communications and knowledge. However, technological advances have made it possible for people to travel to remote places in the world, such as the South Pole.

First of all, new and cheaper means of transportation have made the South Pole more accesible accessible both to scientists and tourists. Thus, this accessibility accessibility carries some disadvantages for the environment itself. In fact, the South Pole is a remote, harsh and delicate environment, which has been preserved during centuries thanks to its natural and isolated conditions. Any Increase in the number of visitors of any kind carries out different threats to the ecosystem. For example, the more tourists arrive, the more litter is likely to be thrown in this environment. Also, the environment itself has to be altered in order to receive more people. Buildings have to be constructed to foster people coming to visit the South Pole, which implies a disturbance of the biodiversity of this particular ecosystem.

On the contrary, History has shown also that development can bring more benefits than disadvantages, when carried out properly. For scientists, being able to investigate remote natural environments, like the South Pole, means that knowledge is expanded. It will help new scientific discoveries to be made, and thus broaden our understanding of the world. This development is also a mayor major break through because tourists can visit natural ecosystems that were once only reserved for scientists. It helps them to learn the importance of that particular environment, and thus will increase the possibility of taking care of it in the future.

In conclusion, development in travel to remote natural environments has different perspectives and consequences in the ecosystem as a whole. It should be addressed carefully so that no major negative impacts will affect it. Development is crucial for understanding the world we live in, and the way we can protect it for future generations to come.

評価の詳細

スコア7.0の評価の詳細は以下になります:

観点評価のポイント
タスク達成度(TR)・問に対しての解答は全て行われいる
・アイデアに対するサポーティングもクリアであるが、一般化しすぎる傾向がある
内容の一貫性(CC)つなぎ語を適切に使用できるがは頻度が少ない
・各パラグラフのトピックが明確
語彙力(LR)・広範囲の単語を柔軟にかつ正確に使用している
・難しい単語を使用しているがスペルミスが多少ある
文法(GR)・複文を使用したりしているが文法間違いや句読点の間違いが極稀にある

文法と語彙の間違いはほとんんどなくなりましたが、アイデアに対する理由と例に説得力に改善の余地があるようですね!

パターン4. 課題の原因と解決策

課題の原因と解決策の提示をおこなう質問です。「Cause」「Effect」「Recommendation」などの語彙から、このタイプの質問と判断できます:

People in all modern societies use drugs, but today’s youth are experimenting with both legal and illegal drugs, and at an increasingly early age. Some sociologists claim that parents and other members of society often set a bad example.

Discuss the causes and some effects of widespread drug use by young people in modern-day society. Make any recommendations you feel are necessary to help fight youth drug abuse.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

7.5の解答

Drug abuse has been reported in all societies in the modern age. However, adolescents nowadays tend to experiment with all types of drugs, at an earlier and earlier age. If, as sociologists claim, parents and other people are the ones setting the bad example, what can be done to solve this problem?

First, the causes of why teenagers are consuming drugs should be considered. One of the main causes for this problem may be found at each of our houses. Many of our parents and older family members smoke and drink alcohol frequently. If this is done by the generation that is supposed to set the example, how can teenagers believe when they are told that legal drugs such as these are bad for their health? Furthermore, we often see on newspapers and tv stories of celebrities using illegal drugs. For example, it is not difficult to find tv series with protagonists who take drugs, as “Suits”, “13 reason why Reason Why”, and so on.

However, the intake of drug substances by young people can have serious consequences in their lives. Drug usage has been proven to prejudice impede cerebral growth, for example. Naturally, drug users may have difficulty processing and retaining information. In this case, this means poor results at school. More importantly, drug abuse has been correlated to the appearance of some psychological diseases, such as bipolarism and borderline syndrome. I, for instance, have seen this happen to two friends of mine who, because of drug abuse, have seen their life significantly impaired.

To conclude, drug abuse is a problem that( , )many times( , )starts at home with parents and other role models setting a bad example. This means teenagers do not look at drug consumption seriously and they do not think how drugs might limit or destroy their life, mainly as a student. I believe that to fight this issue, we must invest in education. It is vital to instill critical thinking at an ealy early age, to help young minds to look at their surroundings and identify what is a good example and what is not. Another solution might be to spread stories of fight against combating drug abuse by celebrities, for example. I believe this could inspire teenagers to pay attention to this issue. In short, education and stories by positive young models might be a good solution. (387 words)

評価の詳細

7.5のスコアの詳細は以下の通り:

観点評価のポイント
タスク達成度(TR)・質問に適切に回答できている
・主張に対する論理展開が明確である
内容の一貫性(CC)・パラグラフの構成が論理的かつ明確である
・パラグラフの展開が効果的である
語彙力(LR)・広範囲の単語を柔軟にかつ正確に使用している
・難しい語彙を使用する姿勢がみられるが、稀に使用にミスがある
文法(GR)・複文を使用し大きな問題がなく表現できている
・文法間違いや句読点の間違いが極稀にある

バンドスコア「7.5」だと、まだ所々に文法や語彙の間違いが確認できます!

パターン5. 質問に対する解答

抽象度の高い質問に対して解答するタイプの問題です。「Cause」や「Deal with」といった単語からパターン4と同様のタイプだと分かります。

There is growing evidence that man-made activities are making global
temperatures higher.

What might be the man-made causes of temperatures rising? How should we deal with this problem? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

バンドスコア「8.0」の解答例

Global temperature has increased consistently over the years and it is evident that man-made activities are one of the main reasons. In order to solve this issue, there are a few measures needed to be taken by the government and the people. In this essay, I will analyse the causes and provides solutions.

Firstly of all, trees and forests have been burned to make lands for houses and commercial buildings. This inevitably causes a rise in the temperature and pollution on earth. The best solution to this problem is to make full use of the land we have.

Governments should encourage construction companies to build more apartments than houses. The reason behind this is that apartments can accommodate more people and it takes up less land. Also, governments should implement laws to limit the numbers of buildings used for commercial purposes, such as the supermarkets and fast food chains. If we can control the limits of these buildings, we will be able to save forests from being destroyed.

In addition, factories and cars are also the reasons for the cause of air pollution and the increase in temperatures around the world. Governments can look into upgrading their infrastructures and public transport systems to make travelling more convenient and accessible. Hence, vehicles would not be necessary anymore. Otherwise, we can encourage people to purchase electric cars over normal cars. To a certain extent, it can help to reduce air pollution. Governments can create stringent guidelines and regulations to prevent factories and vehicles from over polluting the earth.

Finally, over use of electricity by households and companies are is causing global temperatures to rise. We can educate the young people through organising campaigns and going to schools for educational talks. Company’s leaders can also encourage their employees to save electricity by turning off lights, computers and air conditioners when not in use.

To sum up, I think burning of trees, forests, pollution from cars and factories and over use of electricity are some of the main factors for the increased in global temperatures. In order to eliminate these problems, everyone has a part to play. Minimising the use of cars, being conscious of the use of electricity and enacting stricter laws are just some of the different ways to solve these problems.

評価の詳細

スコア8.0のライティングの評価の詳細を見てみましょう。

観点評価のポイント
タスク達成度(TR)・質問に適切に回答できている
・主張に対する論理展開が非常に明確である
内容の一貫性(CC)・パラグラフの構成が論理的かつ非常に明確である
・パラグラフの展開が効果的である
語彙力(LR)・広範囲の単語を柔軟にかつ正確に使用している
・難しい語彙を適切に使用できている
文法(GR)・複文を使用し大きな問題がなく表現できている
・文法間違いや句読点の間違いが極稀にある

このレベルまで到達すると、ほとんどネイティブが書く文章と遜色がなくなります!

最後に

さて、今回紹介したIELTSライティングタスク2の例題と解答例はいかがでしたか?

高いバンドスコアを目指している場合、ライティングの対策は採点基準を理解しているネイティブの方に添削をしてもうのがオススメです。

なぜならあくまで採点基準を軸に対策をしないと、スコアには貢献できないからです。

一方、まだバンドスコアが「6.5以下」の場合、まだまだ基礎を定着させるトレーニングに集中する方が良いでしょう。

自分のレベルに合わせて、最適な勉強方法を取り入れていきましょう!

ライティング「タスク1」の対策をしていない人は、以下の記事は参考になると思います:

またIELTS対策で悩んでいることがあれば、お気軽にご連絡くださいね!

メールで相談する

LINEで相談する

0 Comments

Leave a reply

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です

*

CONTACT US

We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.

Sending

Log in with your credentials

Forgot your details?