【文章完成問題】IELTSリーディングの勉強法を実践紹介

【文章完成問題】IELTSリーディングの勉強法を実践紹介

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

IELTSリーディングの「文章完成問題」の勉強法を紹介します。

パズルを解くような問題です

リーディングと文章完成

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あり、文章完成問題はそのうちの1つです。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

パッセージ内のパラフレーズされた箇所がランダムに抜き出されているタイプです。穴埋め問題と一見似ていますが、要約ではないことが違いになります。

文章完成問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「文章完成問題」のサンプルです。

問20と問21に繋がりがありませんね。ランダムにパッセージ内のいろいろな箇所から情報を引っ張ってきて出題されます。

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下3点です。

  • 特定の情報のスキャニング
  • 適切な語彙の選択
  • パッセージの情報理解

いち早くパッセージ内で特定箇所を見つけられるかが鍵になります

文章完成問題の勉強法

IELTSリーディングの「文章完成問題」で高スコアを取得するための勉強法は以下になります。

  • 穴埋めの前後から答えの品詞を把握
  • パッセージ内の場所をいち早く見つける
  • 文字数制限に注意
  • 解答箇所はパッセージ内の上から順に出現

勉強法自体は穴埋め問題と同じですね

実践問題

それではIELTSリーディングの「文章完成問題」の実践問題を解いてみましょう。

UNIVERSITY of HOUSTON INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS

AT THE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE CENTRE
STUDENT INFORMATION Campus Activities
Language and Culture Centre (LCC) students can enjoy many sports at the university. There are tennis and handball courts, gymnasiums, and indoor and outdoor swimming pools. At the University Centre (UC), you can play pool or table tennis. LCC student teams compete in university intramural sports. The LCC has one of the best soccer teams on campus! Please sign up and play. You can also see films and plays, attend lectures, and go to concerts on campus. There are many international clubs where you can meet other students from your home country.

Emergencies
Weather Emergency
If the University of Houston closes because of bad weather conditions, the LCC will also close. In the event of an emergency, all LCC students are advised to listen to major radio or television stations for announcements regarding cancellation of classes or the closing of the campus.

Withdrawing from the LCC
You may withdraw from the LCC if you have a medical emergency, a family emergency, or if you wish to return to your home country. If you withdraw for one of these reasons, you may receive a partial refund of your tuition. The LCC cannot refund your application fee, contract fee, insurance fee, or late registration fee. A tuition refund must be approved by the director and will be given according to the following schedule:

Time of Withdrawal
Registration week
First week of classes
Second week of classes
Third week and after

Amount of Refund
90%
75%
50%
No refund

Health Care
If you are ill, you can see a doctor at the University Health Centre (UHC). Medicines are available through the pharmacy. You may use the Health Centre as often as you need to. The UHC is located behind the Student Service Centre. For some health problems, you may need to see an outside doctor. The UHC can help you find one. There are many clinics in Houston for minor emergencies. Some of them are open 24 hours a day. For major emergencies there are good hospitals in Houston. All LCC students must have health insurance. You must buy health insurance through the LCC unless you have proof of another health insurance plan or financial responsibility for at least $50,000.

LCC POLICIES
Attendance and Academic Progress

The best way to learn English is to come to class regularly and to do your homework. If you miss several days of classes, for any reason, you cannot keep up with the other students. The Language and Culture Centre is a serious academic program in intensive English and wants all of its students to succeed. Therefore, students are expected to attend all classes regularly, do all classroom assignments, meet all class requirements, and make academic progress. Students who do not meet these standards may be placed on academic probation. Students placed on academic probation will meet with their teacher(s) and with either or both the Associate Director and International Student Advisor. Students will be informed in writing of the terms and length of their probation.

Students who have 30 hours of absences are in danger of being placed on academic probation. Students failing to meet the terms of their probation will be terminated from the LCC for the remainder of the semester. This will also likely result in loss of student status with the US Immigration and Naturalisation Service.

Students who have 50 hours of absences will not receive a Certificate of Successful Completion and will be terminated from the program.

If a student is absent for 10 consecutive days with no explanation, the student will be terminated automatically from the program.

Complete the following sentences.
Choose NO MORE THAN ONE WORDS from the text for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

  • LCC’s in-house sporting teams are competitive but none excel like the 14____ team.
  • Three-quarters of a student’s tuition fee can be refunded on compassionate grounds in the 15____ teaching week.
  • Health emergencies of a 16____ nature are referred to a clinic.
  • All students are responsible for their own 17____ for the duration of their studies at LCC.

解答

以下が回答になります。

  • 14: soccer
  • 15: first
  • 16: minor
  • 17: attendance

該当箇所をいち早く見つけられると難易度は低い問題でした

解答説明

パッセージのどこに該当箇所があったか確認してみましょう。

LCC‘s in-house sporting teams are competitive but none excel like the 14____ team.

Language and Culture Centre (LCC) students can enjoy many sports at the university. There are tennis and handball courts, gymnasiums, and indoor and outdoor swimming pools. At the University Centre (UC), you can play pool or table tennis. LCC student teams compete in university intramural sports. The LCC has one of the best soccer teams on campus! Please sign up and play.

スキミングで特定箇所を見つけることがポイントなのが分かると思います

Three-quarters of a student’s tuition fee can be refunded on compassionate grounds in the 15____ teaching week.

Withdrawing from the LCC…. A tuition refund must be approved by the director and will be given according to the following schedule:

Time of Withdrawal
Registration week
First week of classes
Second week of classes
Third week and after

Amount of Refund
90%
75%
50%
No refund

Health emergencies of a 16____ nature are referred to a clinic.

Health Care …….For some health problems, you may need to see an outside doctor. The UHC can help you find one. There are many clinics in Houston for minor emergencies. Some of them are open 24 hours a day.

Health emergenciesと見た時に、Health Careのセクションだなと分かることがポイントでした

All students are responsible for their own 17____ for the duration of their studies at LCC.

Attendance and Academic Progress
The best way to learn English is to come to class regularly and to do your homework. If you miss several days of classes, for any reason, you cannot keep up with the other students. The Language and Culture Centre is a serious academic program in intensive English and wants all of its students to succeed. Therefore, students are expected to attend all classes regularly, do all classroom assignments, meet all class requirements, and make academic progress

Attendance and Academic Progressの該当箇所特定が鍵でした

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「文章完成問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事: 【テーブル完成問題】IELTSリーディングの練習とコツ

勉強法のコツとしては解答の前後から品詞を特定し、パッセージ内で該当箇所をいかに早く見つけられるかです。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

Solo IELTS TOEFLサポートページ

0 Comments

Leave a reply

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です

*

CONTACT US

We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.

Sending

Log in with your credentials

Forgot your details?