【文章完成】IELTSリーディング解き方の解説と練習 ⑦

【文章完成問題】IELTSリーディングの勉強法を実践紹介

こんにちは!

SOLO IELTS TOEFLルークです!

この記事では、IELTSリーディング「文章完成問題」の解き方の解説と練習問題を紹介します

「文章完成の解き方を知りたい方」や「リーディングのスコアを上げたい人」の参考になれば幸いです。

リーディング「文章完成問題」

IELTSリーディングの文章完成問題は、パッセージ内の文章がランダムにパラフレーズされた状態で抜き出され、用意されている空欄を埋める形式です。

この問題形式で試されているスキルは、特定の情報のスキャニング、適切な語彙の選択、パッセージの情報理解の3点です。

一見、穴埋め問題と似ていますが、問いの文章がパッセージの要約ではなく、あくまでパッセージの一部抜粋であることが違いです!

回答のコツ

IELTSリーディング、「文章完成問題」を回答する際のコツは以下になります。

  • コツ1. 答えとなる箇所の前後の品詞を把握する
  • コツ2. 答えの品詞を特定する
  • コツ3. キーワードに線を引く
  • コツ4. キーワードのパラフレーズを想像する
  • コツ5. 文字数制限に注意する
  • コツ6. 答えはパッセージの上から順番に現れるので注意する

文章完成問題の回答のコツは、穴埋め問題の設問と同じです。

練習問題

それでは、実際の練習問題を解いてみましょう。

指示文

  • Complete the following sentences.
  • Choose NO MORE THAN ONE WORDS from the text for each answer.
  • Write your answers in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.
  • LCC’s in-house sporting teams are competitive but none excel like the 14.____ team.
  • Three-quarters of a student’s tuition fee can be refunded on compassionate grounds in the 15.____ teaching week.
  • Health emergencies of a 16.____ nature are referred to a clinic.
  • All students are responsible for their own 17.____ for the duration of their studies at LCC.

UNIVERSITY of HOUSTON INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS

  • AT THE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE CENTRE
  • STUDENT INFORMATION Campus Activities
  • Language and Culture Centre (LCC) students can enjoy many sports at the university. There are tennis and handball courts, gymnasiums, and indoor and outdoor swimming pools. At the University Centre (UC), you can play pool or table tennis. LCC student teams compete in university intramural sports. The LCC has one of the best soccer teams on campus! Please sign up and play. You can also see films and plays, attend lectures, and go to concerts on campus. There are many international clubs where you can meet other students from your home country.
  • Emergencies
  • Weather Emergency
  • If the University of Houston closes because of bad weather conditions, the LCC will also close. In the event of an emergency, all LCC students are advised to listen to major radio or television stations for announcements regarding cancellation of classes or the closing of the campus.
  • Withdrawing from the LCC
  • You may withdraw from the LCC if you have a medical emergency, a family emergency, or if you wish to return to your home country. If you withdraw for one of these reasons, you may receive a partial refund of your tuition. The LCC cannot refund your application fee, contract fee, insurance fee, or late registration fee. A tuition refund must be approved by the director and will be given according to the following schedule:
  • Time of Withdrawal
  • Registration week
  • First week of classes
  • Second week of classes
  • Third week and after
  • Amount of Refund
  • 90%
  • 75%
  • 50%
  • No refund
  • Health Care
  • If you are ill, you can see a doctor at the University Health Centre (UHC). Medicines are available through the pharmacy. You may use the Health Centre as often as you need to. The UHC is located behind the Student Service Centre. For some health problems, you may need to see an outside doctor. The UHC can help you find one. There are many clinics in Houston for minor emergencies. Some of them are open 24 hours a day. For major emergencies there are good hospitals in Houston. All LCC students must have health insurance. You must buy health insurance through the LCC unless you have proof of another health insurance plan or financial responsibility for at least $50,000.
  • LCC POLICIES
  • Attendance and Academic Progress
  • The best way to learn English is to come to class regularly and to do your homework. If you miss several days of classes, for any reason, you cannot keep up with the other students. The Language and Culture Centre is a serious academic program in intensive English and wants all of its students to succeed. Therefore, students are expected to attend all classes regularly, do all classroom assignments, meet all class requirements, and make academic progress. Students who do not meet these standards may be placed on academic probation. Students placed on academic probation will meet with their teacher(s) and with either or both the Associate Director and International Student Advisor. Students will be informed in writing of the terms and length of their probation.
  • Students who have 30 hours of absences are in danger of being placed on academic probation. Students failing to meet the terms of their probation will be terminated from the LCC for the remainder of the semester. This will also likely result in loss of student status with the US Immigration and Naturalisation Service. Students who have 50 hours of absences will not receive a Certificate of Successful Completion and will be terminated from the program. If a student is absent for 10 consecutive days with no explanation, the student will be terminated automatically from the program.

解答

以下が、解答になります。

  • 14. soccer
  • 15. first
  • 16. minor
  • 17. attendance

解答説明

解答の説明として、問いのキーワードが本文のどこにあるのか確認しましょう。

  • 問い.  LCC’s in-house sporting teams are competitive but none excel like the 14.____ team.
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Language and Culture Centre (LCC) students can enjoy many sports at the university. There are tennis and handball courts, gymnasiums, and indoor and outdoor swimming pools. At the University Centre (UC), you can play pool or table tennis. LCC student teams compete in university intramural sports. The LCC has one of the best soccer teams on campus! Please sign up and play.
  • 問い. Three-quarters of a student’s tuition fee can be refunded on compassionate grounds in the 15.____ teaching week.
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Withdrawing from the LCC…. A tuition refund must be approved by the director and will be given according to the following schedule:
  • Time of Withdrawal
  • Registration week
  • First week of classes
  • Second week of classes
  • Third week and after
  • Amount of Refund
  • 90%
  • 75%
  • 50%
  • No refund
  • 問い. Health emergencies of a 16.____ nature are referred to a clinic.
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Health Care…….For some health problems, you may need to see an outside doctor. The UHC can help you find one. There are many clinics in Houston for minor emergencies. Some of them are open 24 hours a day.
  • 問い. All students are responsible for their own 17.____ for the duration of their studies at LCC.
  • パラフレーズ.
  • Attendance and Academic Progress
  • The best way to learn English is to come to class regularly and to do your homework. If you miss several days of classes, for any reason, you cannot keep up with the other students. The Language and Culture Centre is a serious academic program in intensive English and wants all of its students to succeed. Therefore, students are expected to attend all classes regularly, do all classroom assignments, meet all class requirements, and make academic progress

以上が、IELTSリーディング「文章完成問題」の解き方の解説と練習問題の紹介でした。

このタイプの問題形式は、該当箇所をいち早く見つけられると、難易度は低めです。焦らずに、パッセージを精読しながら問いの文章のパラフレーズを見つけることが大切です!

次のレッスンでは、テーブル完成問題を学習します。パッセージの詳細ではなく、アイデアの展開に着目しながら回答していく問題形式です。

最後に、IELTS対策で悩んでいることがあれば、お気軽にご連絡くださいね。

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