- コツ1. 問の文章のキーワードに線を引く
- コツ2. キーワードを頭の中でパラフレーズ
- コツ3. 該当箇所を見つけた問から答えていく
- コツ4. 該当箇所を見つけられなかったものは、消去法で選択
- コツ5. 該当箇所はバラバラに出現するので注意する
- コツ6. 全てのパラグラフが答えになるとは限らない
- コツ7. 答えはアルファベットで書く形式が多いので注意する
- Reading Passage has seven sections, A-C. Which section contains the following information?
- Write the correct letter, A-C, in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet. NB You may use any letter more than once.
- 1. an example of research which includes the relatives of the participants
- 2. an example of a group of people who did not regain weight immediately after weight loss
- 3. long term hunger may appear to be acceptable to most of the participants during the period of losing weight program
Stealth Forces in weight Loss
- Science may still be years away from giving us a miracle formula for fat- loss. Hormone leptin is a crucial player in the brain’s weight-management circuitry. Some people produce too little leptin; others become desensitized to it. And when obese people lose weight, their leptin levels plummet along with their metabolism. The body becomes more efficient at using fuel and conserving fat, which makes it tough to keep the weight off. Obese dieters’ bodies go into a state of chronic hunger, a feeling Rudolph Leibel, an obesity researcher at Columbia University, compares to thirst. “Some people might be able to tolerate chronic thirst, but the majority couldn’t stand it,” says Leibel. “Is that a behavioral problem – a lack of willpower? I don’t think so.”
- The government has long espoused moderate daily exercise – of the evening-walk or take-the-stairs variety – but that may not do much to budge the needle on the scale. A 150-pound person burns only 150 calories on a half- hour walk, the equivalent of two apples. It’s good for the heart, less so for the gut. “Radical changes are necessary,” says Deirdre Barrett, a psychologist at Harvard Medical School and author of Waistland. “People don’t lose weight by choosing the small fries or taking a little walk every other day.” Barrett suggests taking a cue from the members of the National Weight Control Registry (NWCR), a self-selected group of more than 5,000 successful weight- losers who have shed an average of 66 pounds and kept it off 5.5 years. Some registry members lost weight using low-carb diets; some went low-fat; others eliminated refined foods. Some did it on their own; others relied on counseling. That said, not everyone can lose 66 pounds and not everyone needs to. The goal shouldn’t be getting thin, but getting healthy. It’s enough to whittle your weight down to the low end of your set range, says Jeffrey Friedman, a geneticist at New York’s Rockefeller University. Losing even 10 pounds vastly decreases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. The point is to not give up just because you don’t look like a swimsuit model.
- The negotiation between your genes and the environment begins on day one. Your optimal weight, writ by genes, appears to get edited early on by conditions even before birth, inside the womb. If a woman has high blood-sugar levels while she’s pregnant, her children are more likely to be overweight or obese, according to a study of almost 10,000 mother-child pairs. Maternal diabetes may influence a child’s obesity risk through a process called metabolic imprinting, says Teresa Hillier, an endocrinologist with Kaiser Permanente’s Center for Health Research and the study’s lead author. The implication is clear: Weight may be established very early on, and obesity largely passed from mother to child. Numerous studies in both animals and humans have shown that a mother’s obesity directly increases her child’s risk for weight gain. The best advice for moms-to-be: Get fit before you get pregnant. You’ll reduce your risk of complications during pregnancy and increase your chances of having a normal-weight child.
- 1. C
- 2. B
- 3. A
- Q1. an example of research which includes the relatives of the participants
- C. If a woman has high blood-sugar levels while she’s pregnant, her children are more likely to be overweight or obese, according to a study of almost 10,000 mother-child pairs.
- Q2. An example of people who did not regain weight immediately after weight loss
- B. a self-selected group of more than 5,000 successful weight-losers who have shed an average of 66 pounds and kept it off 5.5 years.
- Q3. long term hunger may appear to be acceptable to most of the participants during the period of losing weight program
- A. Obese dieters’ bodies go into a state of chronic hunger, a feeling Rudolph Leibel. “Some people might be able to tolerate chronic thirst, but the majority couldn’t stand it,”
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