【パラグラフ選択問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

【問の情報を含むパラグラフ選択問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

この記事ではIELTSリーディングの「パラグラフ選択問題」のコツを紹介します。

パラフレーズ力が試される形式ですね

IELTSリーディング

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あります。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

この記事では、 問の中にある英文がパラフレーズされた文章をパラグラフにて見つけてマッチングさせる形式の「パラグラフ選択問題」について見ていきます。

問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「パラグラフ選択問題」のサンプルです。

本番でこの形で出題されたものは「パラグラフ選択問題」です。

問の該当箇所がパラグラフの別々に出現するため、パラグラフ間を行ったり来たりで非常に難易度が高い形式です。

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下2点です。

  • 特定の該当情報を見つけられるか
  • スキャニングと情報理解力

一問落とすと雪崩のように落とすので恐ろしいタイプです

問題のコツ

IELTSリーディングの「パラグラフ選択問題」を解く際のコツは以下になります。

  • 事前に問の文章を頭の中でパラフレーズ
  • 先に該当箇所を見つけた問のみ答える
  • 該当箇所を見つけられなかったものは、消去法で残ったものから選択
  • 該当箇所はバラバラで出現
  • 全てのパラグラフが答えになるとは限らない
  • 答えはアルファベットで書く形式

コツがわかったら実践問題を一緒に解いてみましょう

実践問題

それではIELTSのリーディングの「パラグラフ選択問題」の実際の問題を解いてみましょう。

Reading Passage has seven sections, A-C. Which section contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-C, in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet. NB You may use any letter more than once.

  • 1: an example of research which includes the relatives of the participants
  • 2: an example of a group of people who did not regain weight immediately after weight loss
  • 3: long term hunger may appear to be acceptable to most of the participants during the period of losing weight program

Stealth Forces in weight Loss

A.
Science may still be years away from giving us a miracle formula for fat- loss. Hormone leptin is a crucial player in the brain’s weight-management circuitry. Some people produce too little leptin; others become desensitized to it. And when obese people lose weight, their leptin levels plummet along with their metabolism. The body becomes more efficient at using fuel and conserving fat, which makes it tough to keep the weight off. Obese dieters’ bodies go into a state of chronic hunger, a feeling Rudolph Leibel, an obesity researcher at Columbia University, compares to thirst. “Some people might be able to tolerate chronic thirst, but the majority couldn’t stand it,” says Leibel. “Is that a behavioral problem – a lack of willpower? I don’t think so.”

B.
The government has long espoused moderate daily exercise – of the evening-walk or take-the-stairs variety – but that may not do much to budge the needle on the scale. A 150-pound person burns only 150 calories on a half- hour walk, the equivalent of two apples. It’s good for the heart, less so for the gut. “Radical changes are necessary,” says Deirdre Barrett, a psychologist at Harvard Medical School and author of Waistland. “People don’t lose weight by choosing the small fries or taking a little walk every other day.” Barrett suggests taking a cue from the members of the National Weight Control Registry (NWCR), a self-selected group of more than 5,000 successful weight- losers who have shed an average of 66 pounds and kept it off 5.5 years. Some registry members lost weight using low-carb diets; some went low-fat; others eliminated refined foods. Some did it on their own; others relied on counseling. That said, not everyone can lose 66 pounds and not everyone needs to. The goal shouldn’t be getting thin, but getting healthy. It’s enough to whittle your weight down to the low end of your set range, says Jeffrey Friedman, a geneticist at New York’s Rockefeller University. Losing even 10 pounds vastly decreases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. The point is to not give up just because you don’t look like a swimsuit model.

C.
The negotiation between your genes and the environment begins on day one. Your optimal weight, writ by genes, appears to get edited early on by conditions even before birth, inside the womb. If a woman has high blood-sugar levels while she’s pregnant, her children are more likely to be overweight or obese, according to a study of almost 10,000 mother-child pairs. Maternal diabetes may influence a child’s obesity risk through a process called metabolic imprinting, says Teresa Hillier, an endocrinologist with Kaiser Permanente’s Center for Health Research and the study’s lead author. The implication is clear: Weight may be established very early on, and obesity largely passed from mother to child. Numerous studies in both animals and humans have shown that a mother’s obesity directly increases her child’s risk for weight gain. The best advice for moms-to-be: Get fit before you get pregnant. You’ll reduce your risk of complications during pregnancy and increase your chances of having a normal-weight child.

解答

  • 1: C
  • 2: B
  • 3: A

パラグラフの数が多くなればなるほど難しくなりますね

解答説明

問のキーワードが文章中でどのようにパラフレーズされているか確認して、どこが問題の該当箇所なのか確認してみましょう。

Q1: an example of research which includes the relatives of the participants

C: If a woman has high blood-sugar levels while she’s pregnant, her children are more likely to be overweight or obese, according to a study of almost 10,000 mother-child pairs.

この場合の、”the relatives” は “the connection between people by blood or marriage”でした

Q2: An example of people who did not regain weight immediately after weight loss

B: a self-selected group of more than 5,000 successful weight-losers who have shed an average of 66 pounds and kept it off 5.5 years.

“Keep it off” は “maintain”と同義です

Q3: long term hunger may appear to be acceptable to most of the participants during the period of losing weight program

A: Obese dieters’ bodies go into a state of chronic hunger, a feeling Rudolph Leibel. “Some people might be able to tolerate chronic thirst, but the majority couldn’t stand it,”

long term hungerがchronic hungerとパラフレーズされていますね

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「パラグラフ選択問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事: 【見出し選択問題】

事前にパラフレーズされるであろう語彙を頭の中で想像してパラグラフを選んでいくことが大切です。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

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