【多肢選択問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

【多肢選択問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

IELTSリーディングの「多肢選択問題」の練習をしていきましょう。

あまり出題される形式ではありませんが慣れておきましょう

リーディングの多肢選択問題

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あり、多肢選択問題はそのうちの1つです。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

3つか4つの選択肢が与えられ、パッセージに関する問に答えるか、文章を完結させる形式の問題です。

問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「多肢選択問題」のサンプルです。

こちらは3つの選択肢の中から問の文章を完結させる形式になっていますね。 そういった点では文章完結型の問と似ています。

【文章完結問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下2点です。

  • 特定情報のスキャニング
  • 情報を正確に理解しているか

選択肢はひっかけの要素が多いです

問題のテクニック

IELTSリーディングの「多肢選択問題」で答えを特定するためのテクニックは以下になります。

  • 問と選択肢のパラフレーズを考える
  • パラフレーズを元に特定箇所を探す
  • 答えは順番通りに出現する
  • 答えはアルファベット形式

他の問題型式と同様にパラフレーズが鍵となります

サンプル問題で練習

それではIELTSリーディングの「多肢選択問題」のサンプル問題を解いて練習してみましょう。

Bees

Worker bees are between 8-19mm in length. They are divided into three distinct parts; head, thorax, abdomen. They have an almost completely black head, a thorax that is golden brown and black with patches of orange, and yellow bands can be easily seen on the abdomen. At the front of the head are two antennae for sensing their environment. They have four single wings. The largest are called forewings and the smallest hindwings. The hind legs are specialized for collecting pollen – each leg is flattened to form a pollen basket near the end of each leg.

Love them or hate them, we need bees to pollinate many important food
crops, including most fruit and vegetables. Bee pollinated crops are important sources of vitamins A and C, and minerals like calcium. By pollinating attractive wildflowers like bluebells and poppies, bees also help support the natural environment that people love – benefitting us culturally and economically, as well as ecologically. Calculations from the University of Reading show that £510 million of annual total crop sales in the UK are pollinated by bees and other insects.

What would happen if there were suddenly no more bees to pollinate these crops? This is a question being asked by farmers, beekeepers, and scientists because bees are now dying in their millions and they want to know why.

It’s widely recognised now that changes in agriculture are the main cause of bee decline across Europe. For example, hay meadows, which are full of many different plant species, have declined by 97 per cent since the 1930s, removing an important source of food for bees.

This has happened because of the trend towards growing the same crop (monocultures) over large fields. This has reduced the diversity of flowers available and resulted in the removal of hedges. Species that have more specialised food needs, like the Shrill Carder Bee, have been particularly hard hit. It is now listed as an endangered species.

With less hedges bees find it more difficult to move between feeding and nesting sites. This is because hedges act as corridors for bees to move along, but with less hedges movement becomes more difficult.

Pests and diseases are also a major threat to honey bees and other managed bees. The Varroa mite is thought to be one of the main causes of native honey bee loss. The impact on wild bees is harder to assess but ‘spill-over’ of diseases and pests between wild and managed bees has increasingly been observed.

Climate change has an affect as it can alter the timing of plant flowering, or the time that bees come out of hibernation, which means bees may emerge before there is enough food available.

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 7-10 on your answer sheet.

7. Apart from pollinating crops how else do bees help us?

  1. economically
  2. economically
  3. ecologically
  4. all of the above

8. Why have the variety of flowers available for bees to pollinate fallen ?

  1. conservation measures
  2. less hedges
  3. fertilizers
  4. urban development

Q9. There are many reasons for the decline in bees but what is one of the major reasons for shrinking numbers of native honey bees?

  1. Varroa mites
  2. spill-over
  3. managed bees
  4. hard to assess

Q10. Why might bees end their hibernation at a different time?

  1. to pollinate more flowers
  2. to get more food
  3. climate change
  4. to emerge with other bees

解答

以下が回答になります。

  • 7: D
  • 8: A
  • 9: A
  • 10: C

何問正解できましたか?

解答説明

パッセージのどこに該当箇所があったか確認してみましょう。

Q7. Apart from pollinating crops how else do bees help us?

By pollinating attractive wildflowers like bluebells and poppies, bees also help support the natural environment that people love – benefitting us culturally and economically, as well as ecologically.

helpがbenefittingとパラフレーズされていますね

Q8. Why have the variety of flowers available for bees to pollinate fallen?

This has happened because of the trend towards growing the same crop (monocultures) over large fields. This has reduced the diversity of flowers available.

こちらもfallenがreduceにパラフレーズされていますね

Q9. There are many reasons for the decline in bees but what is one of the major reasons for shrinking numbers of native honey bees?

The Varroa mite is thought to be one of the main causes of native honey bee loss.

major reasonsがキーワードだと見極める問題でした

Q10. Why might bees end their hibernation at a different time?

Climate change has an effect as it can alter the time that bees come out of hibernation

IELTSはほとんどパラフレーズ 絡みですね

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「多肢選択問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事: 【リスト選択問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

事前に頭の中で問のパラフレーズを行い、その箇所をパッセージ内で探すように精読していきます。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

Solo IELTS TOEFLサポートページ

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