【リスト選択問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

【リスト選択問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

IELTSリーディングの「リスト選択問題」の練習をしていきましょう。

頻繁に出題される形式ではありませんが確認しておきましょう

リーディングのリスト選択問題

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あり、リスト選択問題はそのうちの1つです。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

パッセージ内に出てくる情報や名前の描写に当てはまるものをリストのアルファベットから選ぶ形式の問題です。

問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「リスト選択問題」のサンプルです。

ヨガのスタイルを描写した21-24の文章にあてはまる名前をA-Eから選ぶようになっていますね。

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下3点です。

  • アイデアのつながりの理解
  • 情報のスキャニング
  • 情報を正確に理解しているか

通常順番通りに答えられるようになっています

問題のテクニック

IELTSリーディングの「リスト選択問題」で答えを特定するためのテクニックは以下になります。

  • 問と文章のパラフレーズを考える
  • パラフレーズを元に特定箇所を探す
  • 答えは順番通りに出現する
  • 答えはアルファベット形式

多肢選択問題とテクニック自体は同じです。

【多肢選択問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

サンプル問題で練習

それではIELTSリーディングの「リスト選択問題」のサンプル問題を解いて練習してみましょう。

Changing Rules for Health Treatment

People who are grossly overweight, who smoke heavily or drink excessively could be denied surgery or drugs.The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), which advises on the clinical and cost effectiveness of treatments for the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, said that in some cases the ’self-inflicted’ nature of an illness should be taken into account.

NICE stressed that people should not be discriminated against by doctors simply because they smoked or were overweight. Its ruling should apply only if the treatment was likely to be less effective, or not work because of an unhealthy habit The agency also insisted that its decision was not an edict for the whole NHS but guidance for its own appraisal committees when reaching judgements on new drugs or procedures. But the effect is likely to be the same. NICE is a powerful body and the cause of much controversy. It is seen by some as a new way of rationing NHS treatment Across the UK, primary care trusts (PCTs) regularly wait for many months for a NICE decision before agreeing to fund a new treatment. One group of primary care trusts is ahead of NICE. Three PCTs in east Suffolk have already decided that obese people would not be entitled to have hip or knee replacements unless they lost weight The group said the risks of operating on them were greater, the surgery may be less successful and the joints would wear out sooner. It was acknowledged that the decision would also save money.

NICE said no priority should be given to patients based on income, social class or social roles at different ages when considering the cost effectiveness of a treatment. Patients should not be discriminated against on the grounds of age either, unless age has a direct relevance to the condition. NICE has already ruled that IVF should be available on the NHS to women aged 23 to 39 as the treatment has less chance of success in older women. It also recommends that flu drugs should be available to over-65s, as older people are more vulnerable.

But NICE also said that if self-inflicted factors meant that drugs or treatment would be less clinically and cost effective, this may need to be considered when producing advice for the NHS. They state that If the self-inflicted cause of the condition will influence the likely outcome of a particular treatment, then it may be appropriate to take this into account in some circumstances.’They acknowledge that it can be difficult to decide whether an illness such as a heart attack was self-inflicted in a smoker. ‘A patient’s individual circumstances may only be taken into account when there will be an impact on the clinical and cost effectiveness of the treatment’

Prof Sir Michael Rawlins, the chairman of NICE, said: ‘On age we are very clear – our advisory groups should not make recommendations that depend on people’s ages when they are considering the use of a particular treatment unless there is clear evidence of a difference in its effectiveness for particular age groups. Even then, age should only be mentioned when it provides the only practical ‘marker1 of risk or benefit NICE values people, equally, at all ages.’

But Steve Webb, the Liberal Democrat health spokesman, said there was a danger of primary care trusts following the same course of action. There is no excuse for cash-strapped hospitals denying treatment to people whose lifestyle they disapprove of/ he said. Treatment decisions involving people’s lifestyle should be based on clinical reasons, not grounds of cost The NHS is there to keep people healthy, not to sit in judgement on individual lifestyles.’

A spokesman for NICE said: ‘We want to reassure people that in producing our guidance we are not going to take into consideration whether or not a particular condition was or is self-inflicted. The only circumstances where that may be taken into account is where that treatment may be less effective because of lifestyle choices.’

Jonathan Ellis, the policy manager at Help the Aged, said it was pleased NICE had finally shown an understanding of the importance of tackling age discrimination.’While this is a major feat, there is still some way to go to banish the evident inherent age discrimination that exists within health care services,’he said.The NHS now has much to leam. It will ensure a fairer deal all round for older people using the NHS.’

Look at the following statements (Questions 20-24) and the list of people below.

20: This person was happy that-NICE realised age discrimination needed dealing with.

21: This person holds a very high position in the NICE agency.

22: This person is a member of a political party.

23: This person feels the NHS must further improve its relations with the elderly.

24: This person says that NICE does not discriminate on the grounds of age.

  • A – Michael Rawlins
  • B – Steve Webb
  • C – Jonathan Ellis

解答

以下が回答になります。

  • 20: C
  • 21: A
  • 22: B
  • 23: C
  • 24: A

比較的難易度の高い問題だったと思います

解答説明

パッセージのどこに該当箇所があったか確認してみましょう。

Q20: This person was happy that-NICE realised age discrimination needed dealing with.

Jonathan Ellis, the policy manager at Help the Aged, said it was pleased NICE had finally shown an understanding of the importance of tackling age discrimination

age discriminationがキーワードとなり最後のパラグラフの特定が必要でした

Q21: This person holds a very high position in the NICE agency.

Prof Sir Michael Rawlins, the chairman of NICE…

high positionのパラフレーズとしてのchairmanがポイントでした

Q22: This person is a member of a political party.

Steve Webb, the liberal Democrat health spokesman

political partyという単語からいち早くパラグラフ7だと特定できるかです

Q23: This person feels the NHS must further improve its relations with the elderly.

It will ensure a fairer deal all round for older people using the NHS.

Q24: This person says that NICE does not discriminate on the grounds of age.

our advisory groups should not make recommendations that depend on people’s ages when they are considering the use of a part

2つのパラフレーズが鍵になりました

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「リスト選択問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事: 【ショートアンサー】IELTSリーディングの練習

問の選択肢の文章に目を通し、スキャニングを通してパラフレーズされた語句をパッセージ内から拾い上げることが鍵になります。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

Solo IELTS TOEFLサポートページ

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