【タイトル選択問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

【パラグラフのタイトル選択問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

IELTSリーディングの「タイトル選択問題」のコツを紹介します。

最後の問題で聞かれる可能性がありますね

IELTSリーディング種類

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あります。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

パッセージのタイトルに最もふさわしい選択をする問題形式の解き方を一緒にみていきましょう。

問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「タイトル選択問題」のサンプルです。

本番でこの形で出題されたものは「タイトル選択問題」です。

このように4択のこともあれば5択の時もあります。

問題の最後に出てくるのでパッセージを読み終わってから解くことになります。

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下2点です。

  • パッセージの大きなメッセージが読み取り
  • 詳細とパッセージの意図の区別ができているか

詳細を選択肢の中に含み引っ掛けてきます

タイトル問題のコツ

IELTSリーディングの「タイトル選択問題」を解く際のコツは以下になります。

  • 選択肢の違いを確認
  • 詳細を含むタイトルは消去
  • 選択肢は詳細を含んだひっかけ
  • 大枠の目的に沿ったものを選ぶこと
  • 最初と最後のパラグラフに再度目を通す
  • この問題に時間を費やさない

分からない場合は再度パッセージを読む必要があり時間をロスします。思い切って選んで次に進みましょう

実践問題

それではIELTSリーディングの「タイトル選択問題」の実践問題を解いてみましょう。

Learning Languages

It is no small intellectual task that a child learns a language. In order to begin to communicate, a young child must first gain an understanding of the internal structure of a system that, in reality, contains tens of thousands of units, all generated from a small set of basic building blocks. In the case of English, these basic building blocks’ are the alphabet and the units’ are words. Although initially, a child may be able to grasp and manipulate the basic letters of a language to form an infinite number of units’, he or she must progress to another higher form of comprehension – the understanding that only a subset of those combinations is correct – what are actual meaningful words. Somehow, a young child must become familiar with the structure of a particular language system such that he or she can use it to communicate with others.

Given the complexity of the process of language acquisition, the question of how infants learn to speak in their native language so rapidly is an interesting one. Among linguists, the answer to this question has been researched and debated for decades. Some researchers think that the answer to the question – if indeed there is one – may unlock a secret to faster language acquisition amongst older people. Over the years, experiments where researchers have devised an artificial language that contained certain aspects of natural language structure have been tried. The artificial language was presented to the infants one ‘piece’ or ‘sample’ at a time. Once they became familiar with one piece of the language, another piece from the same artificial language was introduced. Once the infant appeared comfortable with this process, a piece of real or bona fide language was introduced. The researchers then measured such things as surprise and interest shown in the new language samples to determine whether or not the infant related to them as being completely new or as being more of what had been previously learned. The infant’s reactions to the new stimuli helped linguists to determine what mechanisms underpin the first stages of language acquisition. Experiments like this have uncovered some astonishing facts namely the rate at which an infant, even as young as 7 or 8 months, can take on the new’ information. Some infants demonstrated the ability to process the new information after as little as 3 minutes of exposure. Their young minds were able to structure the linguistic input into relevant and ultimately meaningful units of information.

Much of a child’s future social and intellectual development hinges upon their ability to acquire language. For this reason, language acquisition is one of the key milestones in early childhood development. Many child development experts encourage parents to start talking to their infant from the day of their birth. Some researchers maintain that the best way for a child to learn is to simply hear language as those around them talk. Repetition of structures seems to be a logical and academically defensible method of child language acquisition. Quite a large body of research has shown that optimal language development occurs when the same stories are read over and over again to young children. In one experiment, a mother exposed her son to only one book for nearly two years. The results were that the child spoke much earlier than his other siblings and was able to recite 90% of the text on each page by the age of two. Other studies have revealed that a knowledge of nursery rhymes among three-year-olds has been a significant predictor of later reading skill.

These examples of language learning, processing and producing, represent just a few of the many developments between birth and the eventual linguistic maturity that most children naturally attain. It is during this early period that children discover the raw materials in the sounds of their language, learn how they are assembled into longer strings, and then used in meaningful contexts. These processes unfold simultaneously, requiring children to organise the code of communication that surrounds them. Even though each layer is complex, young children readily solve the linguistic puzzles they encounter.

Regardless of the methods employed, the acquisition of a language is not an automatic process but rather one that occurs as a result of a process of learning. If a child does not take on a new language, then isolation and withdrawal often accompany learning difficulties and poor academic performance.

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C, D or E. Write your answer in box 40 on your answer sheet.

What is the best title for Reading Passage?

  • A Clues for adult language learning.
  • B Language acquisition in infants and young children.
  • C Measuring speaking ability amongst infants.
  • D Acquiring language: The key to future learning.
  • E Experiments in infant language acquisition

今回は5択からタイトル選択でしたね

解答

以下が回答になります。

  • B

解答説明

なぜパッセージのタイトルとしてBが答えなのか一緒に確認してみましょう。

  • A はパラグラフ2の詳細を述べているにすぎません。
  • Cは話す能力にしか触れていません。パッセージは言語学習そのものについてでした。
  • Dは確かに最後のパラグラフで述べられている内容ですが、最後のパラグラフのみで述べられているため不正解です。
  • Eも実験について述べているのはパラグラフ2のみです。

全体を通して述べられているのはBの幼少期の言語習得に関することのみです

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「タイトル選択問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事: 【カテゴリー問題】IELTSリーディングのコツ

解く前に最初と最後のパラグラフのメインポイントを確認しておくと正答率が上がります。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

Solo IELTS TOEFLサポートページ

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