【フローチャート完成問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

【フローチャート完成問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

こんにちは、SOLO IELTS TOEFLのルークです。

IELTSリーディングの「フローチャート完成問題」の練習をしていきましょう。

パッセージ内にて順番通りに答えが出てこないのがこのタイプが難しい理由です

リーディングのフローチャート完成

IELTSのリーディングは全3つのパッセージ計40問から成り立っています。

リーディングの問題形式は全部で14あり、フローチャート完成問題はそのうちの1つです。

  1. True / False / Not Given問題
  2. パラグラフ選択問題
  3. 見出し選択問題
  4. タイトル選択問題
  5. カテゴリー問題
  6. 穴埋め問題
  7. 文章完成問題
  8. テーブル完成問題
  9. フローチャート完成問題
  10. ダイアグラム完成問題
  11. 文章完結問題
  12. 多肢選択問題
  13. リスト選択問題
  14. ショートアンサー

フローチャートの図の穴埋めをすることで、チャートが示すステップを完成させる形式ですね。出題頻度はそこまで高くありません。

文章完成問題の特徴

以下はIELTSリーディングの「フローチャート完成問題」のサンプルです。

例えば、25番の問が21番の問よりも先にパッセージ内で出現したりするのが難しい要因です。

IELTS側が試しているスキルは以下3点です。

  • 情報処理能力
  • 特定箇所の把握
  • 適切な語彙選択

きちんとパッセージの流れを把握する必要がありますね

練習する際の注意点

IELTSリーディングの「フローチャート完成問題」で練習する際の注意点は以下になります。

  • 問題番号とはバラバラに解答が出現
  • 矢印を参考に文の繋がりを把握
  • 穴埋め箇所の品詞を前後から判断
  • スキャニングが有効
  • 文字数の制限があるので注意

上記のフローチャートは並行に問題番号が進んでいますね

サンプル問題で練習

それではIELTSリーディングの「フローチャート完成問題」のサンプル問題を解いて練習してみましょう。

You and your CV

Your CV is possibly your most important tool in your search to find the right job.
It is the first thing a future employer sees about you, and if it’s not right, may be the last. An employer will do no more than glance at your CV – it’s estimated that most employers spend more than twenty seconds looking at each CV, so you have very little time to make the impression. Here’s some advice to help you make the most of those twenty seconds.

What it should look like
The first rule of all CVs is keep them clear and simple – anything complicated or long tends to get rejected instantly. Achieving that is a matter of making good use of lists, bullet points and note form, and of keeping your CV to the right length. There are no fixed rules on how long it should be, and it will vary, of course, according to your age, experience, etc., but keep it to one page if you can – this length is convenient for your reader to work with. As for style, there are different kinds of layouts you can follow – look at the examples on this site to see which one you prefer – but the basic rule is to use headings well to signal clearly where all the relevant information is. Make sure you include these sections: qualifications, skills, education, work experience, references, personal interests/hobbies, personal qualities, then label them clearly so that your prospective employer can find the information they want quickly and easily.

Content
CVs tend to follow a fixed order. They start with your personal details such as name, address and contact details, then go on to personal qualities such as those things in your personality that might attract an employer e.g. conscientious, adventurous, punctual, etc., and your career goals.
After this comes the main part of your CV starting with education, then work experience. Use reverse chronological order to list these, starting with what you’re doing now. It’s most common to go back no more than 10 years. Give your job details such as job titles, the names of the organisations you worked for, an outline of your job duties and then note your particular achievements. Then go on to your personal interests and finish up with the details of some good, reliable referees. Your future employer may not follow up on these, but they do make an impression.

Do’s and don’ts
A glance at your CV should create a good impression. Don’t make spelling mistakes, and don’t send in anything crumpled or with coffee stains on it. Anything like that leads to instant rejection. Use good quality A4 paper and don’t send in anything other than a cover letter. Diplomas, testimonials, etc., will be requested later ~ they’re interested in you. When you think you’ve finished writing your CV, read it over very carefully. Check your full stops, use of bullets, indentation, use of capital letters, etc. And never include in your CV anything that’s not true. It’s very easy for an employer to check, and if your CV doesn’t match what they find out, then your chances of getting that job are probably gone. Finally, carry out the instructions in the job ad very carefully. If they require three copies, then send them three copies, not two or four. Make sure you meet the deadline too, and put the right stamp on your envelope. You’ll need to accompany your CV with a cover letter. This should be tailored to each job you apply for. Follow the link below for advice on how to write a cover letter.
And last of all “Good luck”!

Remember to include:
・Career history
・Skills and strengths
・Awards and achievements
・Contact details

Complete the flowchart below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the text for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 31-34 on your answer sheet.

このフローチャートは垂直に矢印が進んでいますね

解答

以下が回答になります。

  • 31: qualities
  • 32: 10/ten
  • 33: (particular) achievements
  • 34: personal interests

何問正解できましたか?

解答説明

パッセージのどこに該当箇所があったか確認してみましょう。

Q31: Personal ____ : including relevant personality strengths, and immediate career goals.

CVs tend to follow a fixed order. They start with your personal details such as name, address and contact details, then go on to personal qualities such as those things in your personality that might attract an employer e.g. conscientious, adventurous, punctual, etc., and your career goals.

下線部直前のpersonalから解答は名詞だと想像できますね

Q32: work experience (now -> ____ years ago

After this comes the main part of your CV starting with education, then work experience. Use reverse chronological order to list these, starting with what you’re doing now. It’s most common to go back no more than 10 years.

数字を探せば良いだけでしたね

Q33: including job details and ____

Give your such as job titles, the names of the organizations you worked for, an outline of your job duties and then note your particular achievements.

Q34: Work experience -> ____ -> references

Then go on to your personal interests and finish up with the details of some good, reliable referees.

こちらも名詞という品詞の特定ができれば解答しやすかったです

まとめ

IELTSリーディング「フローチャート完成問題」の特徴は理解できましたか。

次の記事: 【ダイアグラム完成問題】IELTSリーディングの練習

矢印を手掛かりに文と文の関係性を把握します。それがパッセージ内のどこで出現するかスキャニングで見つけることがポイントとなります。

英語の「今まで」と「これから」

最短で伸ばすならSolo

SoloはIELTSのスコアを最短で伸ばします。

自分だけで学習できる自信がない人は是非一度カウンセリングに来てみてね。

弊社のIELTSのプロ講師たちが待ってるよ。

Solo IELTS TOEFLサポートページ

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