【文章完成】IELTSリスニングの例題とコツを紹介 ③

【文章完成問題と音源】IELTSリスニング教材と対策

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SOLO IELTS TOEFLルークです!

この記事では、IELTSリスニング「文章完成問題の例題とコツを解説します

「リスニングのコツを知りたい人」や「文章完成問題の解き方」を知りたい人の参考になれば幸いです。

IELTSリスニング「文章完成」問題とは

IELTSリスニングの「文章完成」問題は、音源で流れる内容を記した「文章」を完成させる形式です。

文章完成は、特に、パート3や4で出題される傾向が強いです。

例題

それでは、IELTSリスニング「メモの完成」問題を実際に解いてみましょう。

以下が、例題です。

指示文

Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS ANDIOR A NUMBER for each answer.

音源

MARKETING ASSIGNMENT
For their assignment, the students must investigate one part of the 21.____.

The method the students must use to collect data is 22.____.

In total, the students must interview 23.____ people.

Jack thinks the music preferences of 24.____ listeners are similar.

解答

  • 21. entertainment industry
  • 22. telephone interviews
  • 23. 30/thirty
  • 24. male and female

トランスクリプト

以下が、音源のトランスクリプトになります。

答えになる箇所に、下線を引いているで参考にして下さい。

JACK: Lucy, we really need to get working on this marketing assignment. We’ve only got five weeks left to the end of term to design it, carry it out, and then write up the results.

LUCY: Sure. Well, let’s get started right now. Let’s go over the instructions. What exactly do we have to do?

JACK: Well, it says here we have to look at one area of the Q21. entertainment industry. There’s a list of the different types.

LUCY: What are they?

JACK: Music, cinema, theatre, sport, and eating out.

LUCY: Is that all?

JACK: Looks like it.

LUCY: So we choose one branch of the industry and then we look at how two different groups of people use it? Is that right?

JACK: Yes.

LUCY: And do we have to use any particular method to get our data? Can we mail out a questionnaire , or do face-to-face interviews, or maybe even observations ?

JACK: Well actually, it looks like we don’t have a choice. We have to do Q22. telephone interviews.

LUCY: OK, so at least we don’t have to waste time deciding between the different methods.

JACK: Yeah, that’s right. Oh, and the other requirement is the number of interviewees.

LUCY: Not too many, I hope. Ten? Twenty?

JACK: Well, we have to do two groups, remember, and it looks like we have to interview 15 for each group.

LUCY: That’s Q23.thirty altogether then. It’s going to take ages.

JACK: Yes, but remember we’re working on this together, so we’ll only have to do fifteen each.

LUCY: OK, so those are all the requirements?

JACK: Yes, looks like it.

LUCY: So, first, which area are we going to choose? My preference would be cinema, since that’s where I spend most of my money.

JACK: Hmm, I don’t think that’s such a good idea. I don’t think there are huge differences in the market there. I mean you get young and old, Q24. male and female, rich and poor all going to the same movies.

LUCY: Yeah, maybe you’re right, Let’s make it music then.

JACK: Right. So, what two groups will we compare and contrast ?

LUCY: Male and female?

JACK: No. Most of my female friends like the same music as me. Different age groups would be much more likely to show up differences, I think.

文章完成問題を解くコツ

以下が、文章完成問題を解く際のコツになります。

  • コツ1. 音源が始まる前に文章をスキミング
  • コツ2. 文章中の単語を暗記する
  • コツ3. パラフレーズを想像する
  • コツ4. その上で答えを予想する
  • コツ5. 字数制限に注意する

以上が、IELTSのリスニング「文章完成問題」についてでした。

全体の流れをつかめなくても、細部がきちんと聴き取れれば回答できる設問ですので、諦めずに食らいついていくことが大切です!

次のレッスンでは、フォームの記入問題について確認していきます。パート1で頻出の問題形式です。

最後に、IELTS対策で悩んでいることがあれば、お気軽にご連絡くださいね。

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